Health Effects Of Obesity Essay

1107 words - 5 pages

Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body
mass. Genetics, nutrition, physical activity, and family routines are all leading causes of the
increase in American obesity. If one parent is obese, there is a 50% chance that the child will be
obese, this study shows how obesity is carried down, being the reason obesity is increasing
(National Heart, Lungs, and Blood Institute, Health Risk 1). Day to day money is directly spent
on medical care and prescription drugs related to obesity. According to the National Heart, Lung,
and Blood Institute, obesity is becoming a national epidemic, with the Center for Disease
Control, noting that around 15% of children and adolescents are now overweight. In the last
forty years, the percentage of Americans who are overweight has doubled, meaning that an
abundance of people have been affected negatively by these following health issues: diabetes,
sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease and joint problems (1).
Diabetes is a drastic effect of obesity. Statistically, overweight people are twice as
likely to develop type II diabetes as people who are not overweight. Metabolic Syndrome
is the name given to a group of risk factors that raise the risk for both diabetes and
stroke. There are six major components of Metabolic Syndrome, which include abdominal
obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without
glucose intolerance, elevated of certain clotting factors in the blood. According to “The National
Cholesterol Education Program”, Metabolic Syndrome has the complex risk factor for
cardiovascular disease (Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Health Effects of Obesity 1). Ischemic
stroke and coronary disease share many of the same disease risk factors and disease processes,
because of the buildup of plaque in your arteries.
Being obese comes with many different heart problems. Extra weight can raise the heart
rate and reduce the body’s ability to transport blood throughout the vessels. As the body mass
increases, so does blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood sugar, and
inflammation. Inflammation causes various cardiovascular risk factors. When extra fat tissue in
the body needs oxygen and nutrients in order to live, it requires the blood vessels to circulate
more blood to the fat tissues which then increases the work the heart has to do, causing high
blood pressure (American Heart Association, Obesity Information 1) . According to Harvard
School of Public Health, if you are overweight, losing as little as little as five to ten percent of
your body weight it may improve many of the problems linked to being overweight, such as high
blood pressure and heart problems (1).
Another problem associated with obesity is the quality of sleep a person gets. Sleep
apnea causes a person to stop breathing for short periods of time during sleep and snore heavily,
which is closely...

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