Health Research And Designs Essay

583 words - 2 pages

Running Head: DESIGNS 1DESIGNS 4Health Research and DesignsKimberly MongoldHPR 460 Analysis of Health ResearchInstructor: Sarah HowellSeptember 07, 2014Health Research and DesignsThis paper is in regard to a cross-sectional study that was used to estimate the prevalence of tobacco consumption and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in private cars, commercial vehicles and taxis in the city of Barcelona in Spain (Curto, A., Martínez-Sánchez, J., & Fernández, E. (2011). "Cross sectional studies are the best way to determine prevalence and are useful at identifying associations that can then be more rigorously studied using a cohort study or randomised controlled study. Although they are quick and easy, they do not allow for the distinction between cause and effect" (Mann,C.J., 2003). Although most cross sectional studies are done using questionnaires, in this case the use observation to collect their data. The purpose of this study was to research the health effects from exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke in in private cars, commercial vehicles and taxis.The sample size was 2442 private cars, commercial vehicles and taxis on 40 public roads. There were two main variables, total tobacco consumption ,either by the driver or the passenger, and SHS exposure. This study provided an estimation of smoking in some types of vehicles and highlighted the need for public health measures that would be aimed at reducing tobacco consumption in private cars, especially in the presence of children, as well as the enforcement ofmeasures to control smoking in commercial vehicles and taxis (Curto, A., Martínez-Sánchez, J., & Fernández, E. (2011).The hypothesis for this study is that the exposure to secondhand smoke is more prevalent in vehicles. I feel that they used observation for this study because by observing the behavior of the subject without interaction with the subject can provide better results, as the subject being observed will not change their normal habits as they might if they knew they...

Find Another Essay On Health Research and Designs

The Biopsychosocial Model and Research in Mental Health

1417 words - 6 pages It is generally accepted within healthcare that to understand mental health we must adopt the biopsychosocial model. This model assumes that an interdependent relationship exists between biological, psychological and social factors which are involved in all aspects of mental health (Toates, 2010, p. 14). To be true to the model research must be holistic and not investigate the factors in isolation. Key terms will be defined and a review of the

Research and describe the impact of Health Promotion upon individual and society

1599 words - 6 pages discussion groups are also undertaken (HAWG: 2009). This type of support is precious, as research has indicated that women from ethnic minority groups suffer high levels of health inequality. Ithas been argued that persons of Bangladeshi and Pakistani origin in particular often conceal ill health and so reject help (Salway, Platt, Chowbey et al 2007). The reason for this might be that minority ethnic groups are less likely to receive sickness and

Health promotion: evaluating and analysing existing campaigns and creating own research tools ie: questionnaire

1132 words - 5 pages Task OneI have chosen drug abuse as an area from a health promotion target.I have chosen target five, from the "national health programme objectives and targets" (www.medstat.waw.pl/nhp/5.html 19/01/2003)Target 5 is:"Reducing abuse of psychoactive substances and drug abuse-related health damage" (www.medstat.waw.pl/nhp/5.html 19/01/2003)There are three expected outcomes, to be achieved by 2005 they are:Ø" drug demand reduction"&Oslash

Identifying and evaluating health related data available on the internet Research area – Smoking

575 words - 3 pages Outline of organisation and research area. The NSW Department of Health was established in 1921. It is a large provider of health services for people in NSW. They support the government in health and hospital systems, focusing primarily on healthcare and early intervention. The department of health encourage a better healthcare system for people living in rural and remote areas and improve health education. Scientific evidence shows that

Critique of Quantitative Research: Colorectal Education and Health Awareness in African Americans

779 words - 4 pages Biblically developed curriculum would be helpful and inspiring for further development and research. The strengths of this study were in the curriculum development and researcher’s ability to individually sample over 500 participants. Newly gathered data contributes significantly in this freshly pioneered field to propel nursing care into best practice. This study serves as a superb model for targeted, specific nursing care of not only CRC health and

A proposal to evaluate handgun restriction laws for intimate partner homicide across gender and race Research goals

1282 words - 6 pages Cause, effect, and causal relationship In order to describe research designs, I first need to define what is cause, effect, and causal relationship (Shadish, Cook, & Campbell, 2002). A cause is a factor that occurs a certain condition. An effect is understood through a counterfactual reasoning (Shadish, et al., 2002). An experiment generally involves a treatment group that receive an intervention and a control group that does not. The

Qualitative Design Chart

1248 words - 5 pages social and health and science research studies. Hays and Woods (2011) asserted that selecting a research tradition congruent with one's research orientation and study purpose, and at the same time, infusing it in all phases of qualitative inquiry, is one of the key criterions for trustworthiness of the research results. Hays and Woods (2011) recommends six qualitative research traditions, including ground theory, phenomenology, consensual

"Health Disparities" in Uninsured Americans

4297 words - 17 pages Final Project:Final Project: Developing a Quantitative Research PlanHealth Disparities in Uninsured AmericansWeek #11Alice FeltonRSCH 8200: Quantitative Reasoning & AnalysisFebruary 16, 2014Professor Jeanette May"Health Disparities" in Uninsured AmericansIntroductionAccording to (Kilbourne, Switzer & Fine, (2006), Health disparities are significant differences that are needed and viewed clinically and statistically in health care and

Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs

724 words - 3 pages Experimental designs Experimental designs are viewed as the most accurate, and most demanding of research designs, requiring strict attention to rules and procedures. Researchers use these research designs to manipulate and control testing procedures as a way to understand a cause and effect relationship. Commonly, independent variables are manipulated to judge or decide their effect on a dependent variable (Trochim & Donnelly, 2008

When people who can't cope with mental health their academic performance goes down, therefore their marks suffer

989 words - 4 pages . They also aimed to “synthesize the evidence for the effect on adolescent emotional health of (1) interventions targeting the school environment and (2) the school environment in cohort studies.” The methods that were used were through databases of Medline, Embase, PyschINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, the Social Citation Index, and gray literature. The group used “criteria for inclusion [they] were (1) cohort or controlled trial designs, (2) partici-pants aged

Northcentral Expectation

1529 words - 7 pages some form of research method. This paper compares and contrasts NCU’s concept paper requirements for qualitative and or quantitative papers. Northcentral Expectation Both qualitative and quantitative concept designs share design elements. Sampson (2012) states that a good or enriched qualitative and or quantitative concept paper is a product of forethought. Northcentral University (NCU) provides its Doctoral students with writing resources

Similar Essays

Paper # 4: Are Rct Designs In Psychotherapy Research Essential And Exclusively Necessary To Advance Es Ts?

2135 words - 9 pages Many convincing cases have been made both for and against the use of randomized control trails (RCTs) in psychotherapy research. Throughout this paper many of those cases will be explored. In light of the existing literature I believe randomized control trail (RCT) designs are essential in psychotherapy research and in the advancement of empirically supported treatments (EST). I do not, however, believe they are exclusively necessary for their

Are Rct Designs In Psychotherapy Research Essential And Exclusively Necessary To Advance Es Ts?

2126 words - 9 pages Are RCT designs in psychotherapy research essential and exclusively necessary to advance ESTs? Within the literature westen et al. Seem to bring forth one of the more convincing papers addressing the problems with RCT designs, and advocate the use of alternative measure for psychotherapy research. Westen et al. Bring to light some serious concerns. The issues brought to light in the Westen et al, paper will be addressed as well as the

What Type Of Exploratory Research Designs Would You Suggest For Each Of The Following Situations? Justify Your Answers Using Specific Illustrations And Examples

985 words - 4 pages 2. What type of exploratory research designs would you suggest for each of the following situations? Justify your answers using specific illustrations and examples.a. The research and development director of Louis Vuitton suggests a new type of cologne for men that could be promoted by tennis celebrity Marat Safin.b. The General Manager of Thai Spices Restaurant in Hong Kong wishes to offer customers two "new and exciting" dinner items that

Research Project: Tobacco, History And Health Issues

2157 words - 9 pages year, teen smoking again started increasing steadily. "It is very clear the negative consequences of advertising tobacco; in consequence, we believe that advertising should be totally banned.Tobacco; Medical Aspects- Passive SmokingWe found that The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published a major assessment of the respiratory health risks of passive smoking (Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other