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Health System In Finland Essay

1671 words - 7 pages

At the start of 2007 the population of Finland was 5.3 million. Average life expectancy is 76 years for men and 83 years for women in 2005. The health of the Finnish population has considerably improved, but socioeconomic inequality in mortality is increasing. The most important public health problems are circulatory diseases, malignant tumours, musculoskeletal diseases, diabetes and mental health problems. Health problems are obesity, chronic lung diseases and diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes. (Vuorenkoski L. 2008 )

`The foundation of the health services is laid down in the constitution of Finland . According to the constitution: Everyone shall be guaranteed by an act the right to basic subsistence in the event of unemployment, illness, and disability and during old age as well as at the birth of a child or the loss of a provider. The public authorities shall guarantee for everyone, as provided in more detail by an act, adequate social, health and medical services and promote the health of the population.´ (Vuorenkoski L. 2008 )

2.1. Health system in Finland

There are three different health care systems acting of public funding: municipal health care, private health care and occupational health care systems. Largest operator is a municipal health care. Every municipality must offer primary health services in health centre. Finland have 20 hospital districts (excluding Åland islands), which provision of municipal secondary care services. Each municipality must be a member and financed and managed of one hospital district. (Vuorenkoski L. 2008 )

The private sector provides about 16% of outpatient visits to physicians, 41% of outpatient visits
to dentists and 5% of inpatient care periods. NHI covers about one third of the actual costs of the private health services. Additional voluntary health insurance has a very little role in the Finnish health care system. Legislation on occupational health care must serve all employers to give preventive occupational health care services for their employees. Some provides also curative outpatient services (13% of outpatient physician visits are provided by the occupational health care system). (Vuorenkoski L. 2008 )
The Finnish health care system offers relatively good quality health services at a reasonable cost and high-citizens satisfaction. The problems are long waiting times and staff shortages in some municipalities, the geographical inequality and injustice between the socio-economic groups. There are significant differences between municipalities in the production of service, waiting times, resources invested. OECD countries, PRO-rich inequalities in physician visits for screening, dental care, coronary revascularizations, and some specialized elective operations were found to be one of the highest in Finland in 2000.(Vuorenkoski L. 2008 )

2.2. Health financing in Finland

Total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) in Finland was 7.5% in 2005,...

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