Healthcare in the United Kingdom & US
The United Kingdom Consists of Northern Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales and the capital is London. It is culturally diverse and struggles with the same issues as the United States does with multiculturalism. The United Kingdom functions as a Parliament system and their healthcare system is supported by central taxation and some funding by private grants and charities. Whereas, the United States health system structure is complex and funds are based on employers, private payers, foundations and charities. Medicare and Medicaid are funded by taxes.
The (NHS) National Health Service was founded in 1948 with the belief that no one should have to pay for healthcare regardless of their financial status and based on three core principles; that it meets the needs of everyone, that it is free at the point of delivery, and that it be based on clinical need, not the ability to pay. In 2011 the NHS published a constitution of seven principles to help guide it. Today the NHS has grown to be the world’s largest publicly funded health service. England Is the only one that officially goes by the National Health Service, but they are all still referenced as “NHS” and you can access information regarding anyone of the health plans on a public website www.nhs.uk. The individual systems are:
• National Health Service (England)
• Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland (HSCNI)
• NHS Scotland
• NHS Wales
Principles and Values
As of April 1, 2010 many changes in the health care structure is changing. Many of these changes are reorganizing the responsibilities of who makes the decisions on how services are commissioned, the way money is spent and issuing more involvement from local authorities and opening up competition to providers that follow the NHC standards of that they meet price, quality and safety. None of these changes should affect how citizens obtain their health care. The UK has developed 7 key principles to guide the NHS;
• The NHS provides a comprehensive service available to all
• Access to NHS services is based on clinical need, not an individual’s ability to pay
• The NHS aspires to the highest standards of excellence and professionalism
• The NHS aspires to put patients at the heart of everything it does
• The NHS works across organizational boundaries and in partnership with other organizations in the interest of patients, local communities and the wider population.
• The NHS is committed to providing best value for taxpayers’ money and the most effective, fair and sustainable use of finite resources.
• The NHS is accountable to the public, communities and patients that it serves
The prescription coverage, unlike the plans here in the United States where you pay a copay based on the Tier or Brand regardless of your finical status, the United Kingdom’s coverage is based on how many prescriptions you need; a single prescription or current...