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Healthy Living Essay

2192 words - 9 pages

2014 - 2015
Healthy Living (I):
Go for Everest Topic 1 Ms. Curmi

Ms. Curmi Topic 1: Healthy Living (I) Page 1
THE 7 BASIC FOOD SUBSTANCES
Our body needs food for:
For our body to do all this, it needs different types of nutrients. We call these the 7 basic food
substances. These are:
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Minerals, Vitamins, Fibre and Water
Some foods are richer in particular nutrients. The table below shows why we need each nutrient. Fill in
the table below with 3 examples of food sources:
Nutrient Use in the body Food Sources
Carbohydrates (e.g. starch & sugar)
To give us energy
Protein To grow and repair our body
Fat
To give us energy Fat is the energy store around our body.
Our body also uses fat to help us keep warm.
Minerals (e.g. calcium, iron)
Needed in small amounts to keep up healthy
Examples: Calcium is necessary for teeth & bones. Iron is needed for your red blood cells. Sodium & Potassium are needed by muscles & nerves.
Vitamins (e.g. Vitamin A, B, C)
Needed in small amounts to keep up healthy
Fibre (a.k.a. roughage)
Helps the food move through the intestines. (without it you can get
constipated)
Water Our body is 70% water. Water is
important so that our cells don't dry out
(we don't get dehydrated).
Growth Repair
Energy Health

Ms. Curmi Topic 1: Healthy Living (I) Page 2
A BALANCED DIET
Apart from eating from the 7 Basic Food Substances, one should eat the right amounts of each kind
of food. This can be done by following the food pyramid.
Finding the right balance
It is important to balance the amount of food we eat with who we are and what we do. The amount of
energy we need from our food depends on:
 our age
 our height
 how much exercise we get
Baby: 3350 kJ Office worker: 10 500kJ. Manual worker:
15 500kJ of energy
Fats and sugary
foods Milk & Dairy
Products Meat, fish and
alternatives
Vegetables
Bread, Pasta and
Grains
Fruits

Ms. Curmi Topic 1: Healthy Living (I) Page 3
7 BASIC SUBSTANCES AND A BALANCED DIET HOME WORK
1. Look at these three meals and decide about how healthy each of them is. Use a scale of 1 =
most healthy to 3 = least healthy. Put the correct number in the box on the left of each
drawing. In each case give one reason for your decision and write this in the box on the right.
……

Ms. Curmi Topic 1: Healthy Living (I) Page 4
2. Here is a picture of a food pyramid. Label it with the food groups it shows:
3. Use the words in the box below to complete this paragraph.
overweight unbalanced constipation food malnutrition unhealthy carbohydrate balanced fibre protein correct
If we eat a _____________ diet then we are eating different _____________ types in the
_____________ amounts. If a person eats an _____________ diet then they will become
_____________, and suffer from _____________. If we do not eat enough _____________ then
we will suffer from _____________. A lack of _____________ will lead to poor growth and repair.
Too much _____________...

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