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Heart Disease Prevention Essay

2315 words - 10 pages

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. The CDC reports that 40% of premature deaths can be prevented by modifying some risk factors. There are some risk factors that you can control and change such as smoking, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet, or stress to reduce your chances of having a heart attack. Leong, McGorrian, & Graham wrote about the Framingham Health Study that was conducted in 1948 and recruited 5,209 healthy residents, all between the ages of 30 and 60. It is the first major cardiovascular study to enroll women. The authors reported, “CVD remains the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 16.7 million deaths (29.2% of total mortality) worldwide in 2003.” (Leong, McGorrian, & Graham, 2008, p. 6) Important findings from this study were the effects of smoking and the role cholesterol and high blood pressure play on heart disease.
My grandfather and aunt died at an early age, and my father has had three heart attacks. My dad has taken preventative measures since this is hereditary by exercising most days, not smoking, eating healthier, and scheduling regular doctor checkups. You can help prevent heart disease by creating strategies for a healthier lifestyle which would include a nutritious diet, moderate exercise, and managing stress levels. First, you need to eat healthier meals by incorporating more fruit, vegetables and protein. Following, exercise such as cardio, lifting weights and stretching that can make your heart muscle stronger. Lastly, by knowing the difference between positive, negative, optimum, and chronic stress levels.
Incorporating more fruit, vegetables, and protein into your diet is the first step to a healthier lifestyle. Dietary fiber plays an important role on health as well. According to the World Health Organization making dietary adjustments will not only help with your present health but might determine if you will develop heart disease or other diseases later on in life. There are many advantages to eating healthier but you have to keep everything in moderation. Fruits and vegetables are naturally low in fat and calories, have potassium, fiber, vitamin C and folate. Vitamin A helps to protect against infections, and Vitamin C heals cuts and wounds plus keeps teeth and gums healthy. Fruit and vegetables are both healthy choices but fruit is higher in sugar. According to Ben Kim, "On their own, they are delicious, but you may be surprised to discover that they aren't nearly as sweet as modern day varieties. Over thousands of years, humans have been able to make fruits larger and sweeter than their wild predecessors through hybridization.” He reports that people who mostly eat fruit endure some health concerns such as dental decay, osteoporosis, wasting of muscle tissue and more. He goes on to say, “Some of these problems are the result of nutritional deficiencies. The most common deficiencies that I know of in this population are vitamins B12, A*, D, zinc, and certain...

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