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Aids In India Essay

3048 words - 12 pages

India has had a sharp increase in the estimated number of HIV infections, from a few thousand in the early 1990s to around 5.1 million children and adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2003. With a population of over one billion, the HIV epidemics in India will have a major impact on the overall spread of HIV in Asia and the Pacific and indeed worldwide. India's epidemic is made up of a number of epidemics, and in some places they occur within the same state. The epidemics differ, from states with mainly gay sex transmission of HIV, to some states where injecting drug use is the main route of HIV transmission.It's easy to underestimate the challenge of HIV/AIDS in India. India has a large population and population density, low literacy levels and very low levels of awareness, and HIV/AIDS is one of the most challenging public health problems ever faced by the country."The first case of HIV infection in India was diagnosed among commercial sex workers in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, in 1986. Soon after, a number of screening centers were established throughout the country. Initially the focus was on screening foreigners, especially foreign students. Gradually, the focus moved on to screening blood banks. By early 1987, efforts were made up to set up a national network of HIV screening centers in major urban areas."A National AIDS Control Program was launched in 1987 with the program activities covering surveillance, screening blood and blood products, and health education. In 1992 the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was established. NACO carries out India's National AIDS Program, which helps with the formulation of policy, prevention and control programs.The same year that NACO was established, the Government launched a Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS prevention under the National AIDS Control Project. The Project established the administrative and technical basis for program management and also set up State AIDS bodies in 25 states and 7 union territories. The Project was able to make a number of important improvements in HIV prevention such as improving blood safety.Numbers!Globally India is second only to South Africa in terms of the overall number of people living with HIV.* NACO estimated that there the number of Indians living with HIV increased by 500,000 in 2003 to 5.1 million. Around 38 percent of these people were women.* By the end of May 2005, the total number of AIDS cases reported in India was 109,349 of whom 31,982 were women. These data also indicated that 37% of reported AIDS cases were diagnosed among people under 30. Many more AIDS cases go unreported.* The UN Population Division projects that India's adult HIV prevalence will peak at 1.9% in 2019. The UN estimates there were 2.7 million AIDS deaths in India between 1980 and 2000. During 2000-15, the UN has projected 12.3 million AIDS deaths and 49.5 million deaths during 2015-50.9* A 2002 report by the CIA's National Intelligence Council predicted 20 million to 25 million AIDS cases in...

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