Nursing is a dynamic and ever changing field. Information comes almost on a daily basis. Several theories are in place in nursing, and no one theory is right for all patients. Many theories are used all at once and in various conditions. Focusing on a nursing theory is important to hospitals, especially if they want to have recognition in Magnet status. Victoria Henderson’s needs theory is once such theory that is still in practice today at many hospitals.
Victoria’s nursing theory is developed on 14 specific points of health that intend to give the patient the knowledge and skills to take care of the self after the need for a nurse is no longer there. Henderson lays out human needs as the following: breathe normally; eat and drink adequately; eliminate body wastes; move and maintain desirable postures; sleep and rest; select suitable clothes; dress and undress; maintain body temperature within a normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying the environment; keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument; avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injury others; communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions; worship according to one’s faith; work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment; play or participate in various forms of recreation; learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health; use the available heath facilities (Henderson, 1978, p 121). Everyone expresses these health needs at any given time. It is the duty of a caregiver or hospital to provide 24 hour access to help to meet these various needs (Henderson, 1978, p. 113). Henderson’s theory is put into practice often in the field and in specific ways. One example for some of these needs and the nursing response may be during childbirth.
Breathing is automatic, but can be consciously controlled through techniques. Pregnant women are often taught how to breathe to block out other distractions during labor. Slow, deep breathing techniques are associated with decreased stress, improved oxygen consumption, and decreased pain perceptions (Waller-Wise & Renece, 2013, p. 31), therefore could be incredibly beneficial during labor. In fact, nearly 50% of women report using breathing techniques of some kind during labor (Waller-Wise & Renece, 2013, p. 31). Proper breathing can benefit anyone, and the techniques of deep breathing can promote a sense of bodily awareness. Proper breathing can maintain focus and decrease stress as well (Lothian, 2011, p. 120). It is a necessary need for anyone, healthy or not, to breathe properly.
Eating and drinking adequately are incredibly important when it comes to childbirth. Women need to gain desirable amounts of weight to make sure the baby is developing well. Women need to gain weight according to their body mass index. An average weight woman needs to gain around 25 to 35 pounds (Brown, 2011, p. 105). Some women are allowed unlimited food...