The official name of Sweden is the Kingdom of Sweden. (Country.eiu.com) Sweden is located in the Northern portion of Europe and is a Scandinavian country. It borders the countries of Norway and Finland. Denmark is also nearby. Sweden is also the third largest country, in terms of physical size, in the European Union. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has been a constitutional monarchy since 1809 and this continues to be the current government today. In 1921, universal suffrage was granted to all people of at least 18 years of age in Sweden. It sustains “one of the world’s most advanced social-welfare systems,” mostly due to the type of legislation that came about in the “post-war period.” (Country.eiu.com) This paper will focus on the type of government that Sweden practices and the country functions today.
Historical and cultural background
Sweden’s first inhabitants came sometime after the Ice Age. Around 8,000 BC, colder weather caused people to move out and leave the area. Then, thousands of years later, people returned back to the land. The extreme changes in the weather are an important part of the culture of Sweden. A lot of Sweden’s history also comes from the Vikings, which played an important role in types of trade and trade paths. During the Thirty Years’ War, Sweden’s government bureaucracy and financial system was developed. Gustav Vasa was an important Swedish monarch who helped establish “the foundations of the Swedish nation state in the early sixteenth century.” (Geographia.com) Gustavus Adolphus was another important figure that helped Sweden reach “a great power status” and gain many possessions. “One result of that experience has been a deep commitment to neutrality.” (Geographia.com) Sweden moved towards a more democratic government in the early nineteenth century. During this time, Sweden had “strong industrial achievement and sustained economic prosperity.” (Geographia.com) Sweden is also devoted to protecting and maintaining nature in the area. It has “the only extensive wilderness area left in Europe.” (Geographia.com) Stockholm was founded in 1252 by a man named Birger Jarl. Feudalism was introduced in 1280 by King Magnus Ladulås. The Black Death happened in 1350 and destroyed approximately one-third of the population. There was a period of enlightenment at the end of the 17th century. Gustav III “reintroduced absolute rule in 1789. A new constitution was created under Karl XIII. (LonelyPlanet.com) Since the 19th century, Sweden has tried to keep peace and prevent getting involved with war. Sweden became part of the European Union in 1995. (HowStuffWorks.com)
Industrialization and Resource Base
Industry came to Sweden toward the second half of the 19th century and brought much wealth to the country. The opening of a canal in 1832 created an important transportation access between the east and west coasts. The completion of the main railway in Sweden also...