Hernando Cortes Conquered Mexico Essay

860 words - 3 pages

Hernando Cortes was one of the bravest military leaders of all time. Born in Medellin, Spain, he was a Spanish Conquistador who conquered most of Central America. He also gave Spain three-hundred years of control over Mexico. Cortes started exploring in the early 1500’s. He explored to find riches and conquered by being observant of the natives. With a small army, he conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortes went to the university in Salamanca, Spain. He attended the university to study Latin and Law. Unfortunately, Cortes completed only two years of school. He returned to his family in Medellin, Spain. However, life became boring for him. Nevertheless, Christopher Columbus inspired Cortes to explore the New World. Finally, Cortes was able to explore the New World. Cortes sailed on a ship to Santo Domingo, Hispaniola in 1504. He received land in Hispaniola. He cultivated the land for about seven years. Finally, Cortes first adventure was in 1511. He met a rich landowner named Diego Velazquez. Velazquez led a mission to conquer Cuba. Cortes joined forces with Velazquez. This mission was a success. Velazquez became the Governor of Cuba. Cortes received land and slaves. Cortes became wealthy. He owned a large home and a thriving ranch. He had a new wife but still craved for excitement in his life. He continued to have adventure on his mind. Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba a Spanish explorer was searching for slaves. Unfortunately, the captain landed in a different place. This explorer had landed on the Yucatan Peninsula. This peninsula had cities built of stone. The native people wore bright colored clothing and appeared to be highly civilized. This was the first developed society the Spaniards had found in the New World. The captain had found the center of the Mayan Civilization. Governor Velasquez gave Cortes permission to conduct an exploration of the Mayan Civilization. Cortes prepared for this expedition. However, Velasquez became regretful of his decision. He thought Cortes wanted to conquer the Mayans for his own personal gains. Velasquez attempted to change his orders, but it was too late. Cortes set sail and continued to put his fleet together. In 1519, Cortes explored the Yucatan coastline. Landing in Tabasco, Cortes captured the natives. Although, Tabasco people possessed little of value, they told Cortes of the great treasures of the Aztec Empire. Cortes moved his troops northward and conquered the port of Vera Cruz. In addition to, Cortes was making plans to advance against the Aztecs. He took a...

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