Hernando Cortez Essay

1151 words - 5 pages

Hernando Cortez was one of the bravest military leaders of all time.
Born in Medellin, Spain, he was a Spanish Conquistador who conquered most of Central America. He also gave Spain three-hundred years of control over Mexico. Cortez started exploring in the early 1500’s. He explored to find riches and conquered by being observant of the natives. With a small army, he conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortez went to the university in Salamanca, Spain. He attended the university to study Latin and Law. Unfortunately, Cortez completed only two years of school. He returned to his family in Medellin, Spain. However, life became boring for him. Nevertheless, Christopher Columbus inspired Cortez to explore the New World. Finally, Cortez was able to explore the New World.
Cortez sailed on a ship to Santo Domingo, Hispaniola in 1504. He received land in Hispaniola. He cultivated the land for about seven years. Finally, Cortez first adventure was in 1511. He met a rich landowner named Diego Velazquez. Velazquez led a mission to conquer Cuba. Cortez joined forces with Velazquez. This mission was a success. Velazquez became the Governor of Cuba. Cortez received land and slaves. Cortez became wealthy. He owned a large home and a thriving ranch. He had a new wife but still craved for excitement in his life. He continued to have adventure on his mind. Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba a Spanish explorer was searching for slaves. Unfortunately, the captain landed in a different place. This explorer had landed on the Yucatan Peninsula. This peninsula had cities built of stone. The native people wore bright colored clothing and appeared to be highly civilized. This was the first developed society the Spaniards had found in the New World. The captain had found the center of the Mayan Civilization.
Governor Velasquez gave Cortez permission to conduct an exploration of the Mayan Civilization. Cortez prepared for this expedition. However, Velasquez became regretful of his decision. He thought Cortez wanted to conquer the Mayans for his own personal gains. Velasquez attempted to change his orders, but it was too late. Cortez set sail and continued to put his fleet together. In 1519, Cortez explored the Yucatan coastline. Landing in Tabasco, Cortez captured the natives. Although, Tabasco people possessed little of value, they told Cortez of the great treasures of the Aztec Empire.
Cortez moved his troops northward and conquered the port of Vera Cruz. In Vera Cruz, Cortez made plans to advance against the Aztecs. He took a Tabasco woman and enlisted her help to supplement his army. Cortez used her to translate the native language to Aguilar. Aguilar was another Spaniard shipped wreck at the port of Vera Cruz. He had learned the language of the natives. Aguilar translated the language to Cortez troops. They learned about the traditions of the Aztec people. Cortez used this information he gathered to defeat the Aztecs. Finally, he convinced the native tribes to fight...

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