This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hernando Cortez Essay

1207 words - 5 pages

Hernando Cortes was a man that was born in Medellin Spain, and was born in 1485. Hernando was always rich and was born into royalty. He was a very exciting man; at the age of 19 he joined Diego Velazquez and Nicola de Ovando on their voyages to the new world. He also conquered the Aztec civilization. His father was in the military and he followed in his father’s footsteps. Hernando lived an average life, dying at the age of 62 in 1547.
Cortes being born into nobility meant that he got trained in military, horseback riding, hunting and fighting with a sword. They were also taught in the arts of history, science, religion, mathematics and being a gentleman. At the age of 14 Cortes got sent ...view middle of the document...

The Spaniards then got a lot of gold, destroyed a number of their temples and began to convert Indians to Christianity. Cortes controlled this area for many years and explored as far south as Honduras, and traveled to Lower California in 1535. After conquering Tenochtitlan he renamed in Mexico City.
After conquering Tenochtitlan he moved on to Cholula. This was the second largest city in Mexico and a religious center of the Aztecs. The Cholula people had a plan to kill Cortes in his sleep. It would have been a good plan that was until Cortes found out about their idea. He then killed around 3,000 nobles, priests, and warriors. He also burnt down some of the city.
Hernando Cortes has some other names that he periodically gets called they are Hernan and Fernando. Cortes was second cousins once removed to the famous conquistador Francisco Pizarro, who conquered the Incan empire in Peru. Cortes married the sister in law of governor Velasquez while living in Cuba. He had a child with Dona Marina, his interpreter. When Cortes was in Mexico he discovered Baja California, and the Gulf of California which used to be called the Sea of Cortes.
The following is a timeline about what events Cortes was involved in. Cortes was born on December 1, 1485. On October 27th in 1504 Cortes was expelled from the School of Salamanca University, which then gave him the opportunity to travel around the world. Also on November 1st, 1504 Cortes traveled to the West Indies where the governor gave him the leadership of a fleet and sent him on a journey to find new land and gold. The 27th of November in 1511 Cortes was a farmer. He spent many years mining, tending to livestock and farming crops. 1518 in November 18th he landed on the Mexican coast and becomes the leader of the Totonic tribe and the Tlaxcalans. One year later he invaded Tenochtitlan and captured Montezuma and took the place over. In 1521 Cortes pretty much took over all of Mexico with the minister and court in his hands. In 1533 he discovered the peninsula of California but then after that they went back to Spain. While in Spain Cortes passed away in 1547.
Here are some facts about Cortes. Cortes began exploring the Americas and conquered the Aztec empire. Cortes was born in 1485, the same year that the Catherine of Aragon was born. He was born in Medellin, Extremadura, Spain. His parents were Martin Cortes de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altmirano. He tried to become a lawyer but it didn’t quite work out for him. Instead he got involved in deep sea adventures and conquering worlds. Some of those journeys consisted of 2500 people and 30 ships. That was also the...

Find Another Essay On Hernando Cortez

The History of Mexico Essay

2408 words - 10 pages when Hernando Cortez took over until 1821, Mexico was a colony of Spain. Cortez first came into the Valley of Mexico on the Mesa Central in 1519 after marching over land from Veracruz, the town he had started on the coastal plains. With less than 200 soldiers and a few horses, the first take-over of the Aztecs was possible only with the

History of Mexico Essay

816 words - 3 pages , Mexitli.Spanish ConquestFrom when Hernando Cortez took over until 1821, Mexico was a colony of Spain. Cortez first came into the Valley of Mexico on the Mesa Central in 1519 after marching over land from Veracruz, the town he had started on the coastal plains. With less than 200 soldiers and a few horses, the first take-over of the Aztecs was possible only with the help that came from the big Indian armies that Cortez put together from some of the

Francisco Pizarro

551 words - 2 pages many hostile tribes in Panama and when news of Hernando Cortez’ success in Mexico reached Pizarro, he set off to South America in hope of gold.      He led many expeditions into South America. Most were unsuccessful because they met many hostile tribes and he didn’t have enough men. He went back to Panama many times to ask for reinforcements. The governor of Panama gave him men and supplies in exchange for some gold

Chapters 6 and 14 Summary of "Duiker and Speilvogel"

1320 words - 5 pages rising power became Europe as it became attracted with trade in the East. Among the first merchants to travel from Europe were the Polo's who traveled to the courts of the Mongols and then to Japan. A major reason of traveling to new lands includes the interest in spreading a persons' religion, especially Christianity. Hernando Cortez who conquered Mexico spread Christianity among the people he conquered. European states were able to go further in

Hernando Cortes's life and Times

954 words - 4 pages (1485-1547)Cortes' Childhood Cortes was born in Medellin, Extremadura, Spain in 1485. Cortes was of low Spanish nobility. His name is pronounced as [kohr-tez', air-nahn']. Cortes has many different names like Hernan Cortes, Hernando Cortes and Hernando Cortez. Cortes had many names but his main name was Hernan Cortes.At the age of 14, Cortes studied law at the University of Salamanca. But in 1501 he quit university to try to find his

The Age of Exploration and Expansion. Question: Discuss the motives and discoveries of the 16th century voyages of exploration

927 words - 4 pages the "Strait of Magellan". "Magellan had also proved that the earth was much larger than Columbus had imagined," (p. 486). He was later killed by Philippine Natives and four of his ships were destroyed. Only one ship made it back to Spain, making it the first voyage around the World in 1522.In 1519, the year Magellan departed on his worldwide expedition, Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) crossed from Hispanola to mainland Mexico with six hundred men

The Black Legend and White Legend: Relationship Between the Spanish and Indians in the New World

2525 words - 10 pages enormous treasure, to become rich, were deceived. The Indians had thrown all the gold and silver they had into the lake. The Spanish soldiers in their torment and dismay began to torture the natives so they would eventually reveal where they had hidden it. They also maimed and killed many without having received one ounce of gold. Another aspect of the Black Legend dealt with Hernando Cortez. He was made leader and chief chronicler of

Hernando Cortéz

1247 words - 5 pages Cortés, Hernán or Cortez, Hernando (1485-1547), Spanish explorer and conqueror of the Aztec Empire of Mexico. Cortés was born in Medellín, Extremadura. He studied law at the University of Salamanca, but cut short his university career in 1501 and decided to try his fortune in the New World. He sailed for Santo Domingo in the spring of 1504. In 1511 he joined the Spanish soldier and administrator Diego Velázquez

The Aztecs: Culture, Religion, and Lifestyle

934 words - 4 pages and many of their prisoners and sacrificed their hearts and blood to the gods.The Aztecs fought in many wars. War was an essential part of Aztec life. Aztecs needed prisoners to sacrifice to their gods and goddesses. The Aztecs sacrificed many people. When Hernando Cortez arrived in Mexico in 1519, the Aztecs were sacrificing about 20,000 people per year. So in conclusion the Native American Aztec will also be known as one of the most advanced civilization in its time and will be remembered as a great race.

The New World and Spanish Conquistadors

843 words - 4 pages , and Peru, and conquered many civilizations such as Aztecs and Incas.Some of the more famous Conquistadors were Francisco Pizarro, Hernando Cortez, Francisco de Orellana, Deigo de Almagro, and Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. With the idea of getting rich and spreading the Spanish culture throughout the world, Francisco Pizarro went to explore Peru. When Francisco Pizarro set out on his quest, he arrived in Peru in 1532. Upon his arrival, Pizarro

Doomsday 2012 - End of Days

1964 words - 8 pages most Mayan places had astronomic observatories. This astonishing knowledge lead to the building of the Mayan pyramid of Kukulkan which in fact is a three dimensional calendar. It has ninety-one steps on each side plus the platform on top which equals to one full year. In the year 1519, Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez arrived with his army and almost wiped out the Mayan race and culture. His reasons were that the Mayan's religious practices

Similar Essays

Hernando Cortez Essay

1151 words - 5 pages Hernando Cortez was one of the bravest military leaders of all time. Born in Medellin, Spain, he was a Spanish Conquistador who conquered most of Central America. He also gave Spain three-hundred years of control over Mexico. Cortez started exploring in the early 1500’s. He explored to find riches and conquered by being observant of the natives. With a small army, he conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortez went to the university in Salamanca

Hernando Cortez Essay

720 words - 3 pages Hernando Cortez was one of the bravest military leaders of all time. Born in Medellin, Spain, he was a Spanish Conquistador who conquered most of Central America. He explored to find riches and conquered by being observant of the natives. As a result, with a small army, he conquered the Aztec Empire. In 1519, Cortez explored the Yucatan coastline. Landing in Tabasco, Cortez captured the natives. These natives wore bright colored

Hernando Cortes: History Essay

987 words - 4 pages Hernando Cortez was born in the small town of Medellin in southwestern Spain in 1485. When he was about 18, he sailed for the island of Hispaniola, then the Spanish headquarters in the West Indies. He was a soldier and a farmer before he sailed for Diego Velasquez to help conquer Cuba in 1511. Velasquez became the governor and Cortez was elected mayor-judge of Santiago.When Juan de Grijalva reported his discovery of Mexico in 1518, Velasquez

Spanish Ships And Explorers Essay

686 words - 3 pages other use for their ships was for a fleet and an armada and pretty much a navy. They used some ships to battle against other empires.The Nao one of the biggest ships in the 16th century was a merchant ship. This ship was 200-600 tons, carried cannons, and had a lot of cargo space, but with all this who manned these ships, who led these voyages?Hernando Cortez one of the known voyages of this period in time, he was born in 1485 in Spain. When he was