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Heroin And Morphine Essay

1114 words - 5 pages

Heroin, the drug that has been around for centuries has been making a come into American street. It popularity is growing to the size coke and crack had in the eighties. This time how ever its happening in the rural parts of America. Instead of the the cities like most drug out breaks.
Where did this drug come from and what makes it different from any other drug that is on the market? Heroin's origins go back long before Christ was a bleep on the radar. It goes back to 1200 B.C. Or the Bronze Age. At that time how ever heroin would be known as its chemically altered state of the poppy seeds. Even at that time however the ancient peoples of that time knew that if the poppy seeds juice were collected and dried. the extract that was left behind could make a effective painkiller. This would later be named opium. There were small incidents of it appearing in Europe, for instance it was used by the gladiators in the Roman Colosseum. But as a whole it would take more then a millennium for opium to travel from the Middle East to the Europe. This only occurred do to crusades. In just a few hundred after that is went from a rarely used painkiller to a liquid that was said to cure all aliments and would even lead to the most humiliating defeat China Empire. In the 1803 opium became dwarfed by its new brother morphine which is named in honor of the Greek god Morpheus who is the god of dreams. Morphine is an extract of opium and is ruffly 10 times the strength of its counter part. After Morphine creation it was put to used almost at once to assist battle field victims. This was a mistake however, because this refined does of opium is also 10 times more addicting then it was in its original form. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers would returned home from wars fought all over the world with an addiction that was out of control and with out a cure. According to Dr. Leviathal 750,000 in the United States alone were addicted to morphine in early 1900s. This led to a search for a cure to addict. Soon after came the merical drug; the drug to cure all the problems that was completely none addictive. This drug was called Heroin. “Heroin was first synthesized from morphine in 1874. From 1898 through to 1910, Bayer, the German pharmaceutical company, marketed it under the trademark name Heroin as a cough suppressant and as a non-addictive morphine substitute (until it was discovered that it rapidly metabolizes into morphine). One year after beginning sales, Bayer exported heroin to 23 countries.” (pbs) All thirty-three countries went from addiction problem to an epidemic. It is now commonly recognized that heroin is ruffly 3 time strength and much more addictive. At the time how ever 40 different studies were conducted and all said that heroin was no addictive. Lucky it banded in the in United States in the 1920s and would remain dormant until the 1960s when it would take off with a bang. This time how ever it was do the Vietnam War. Soldiers were drafted to Vietnam...

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