Herophilos: The Father Of Modern Science

1237 words - 5 pages

Herophilos, the Father of Modern Science: A Brief Biography

In Ancient Greece 335 B.C.E. a child was born in Chalcedon. This child would one day become one of the most influential parts of modern science and medicine as we know it. The baby boy’s name was Herophilos. Not much is known about Herophilos except that he moved away from Chalcedon (now Turkey) and moved to Alexandria early in his life (1). When Herophilos finished his education he became a teacher and an author (1). There are nine known texts he is responsible for, including his book “On Pulses”, which explains blood flow from the heart to arteries (1). He also wrote a book that educates readers about phases of childbirth, called “Midwifery” (1).
Herophilos was a pioneer of many different medical branches. Herophilos’ achievements included a detailed description of the brain, which allowed him to prove that the brain was the engine of human intellect (134). Herophilos got his start with autopsies but not before studying under Praxagoras (1 ). In many parts of the world, it was illegal for anyone to dissect a body. Herophilos stayed in Alexandria because it was legal for him to practice dissections. Herophilos began to get very comfortable with practicing these dissections, that he would do them in public and explain what he was doing (1) . It is believed that Herophilos founded a medical school in Alexandria and that he took on an apprentice, Erasistratus (1). Herophilos did, however, encounter some problems with his practice of medical sciences. Herophilos allegedly practiced vivisections on live criminals (1) . He used this practice to examine the way body organs worked while the person was alive, all done with no anesthetics (1). Herophilos used his dissections to confirm the findings of dissimilarity between arteries and veins in human cadaver dissections in 300 B.C. (1). These discoveries lead him into studying the way the brain works along with other parts of the nervous system.
Herophilos was still confronting controversy for his ideals. Herophilos was one of the first to suggest that the brain was the center for intelligence, not the heart (1). This idea was unpopular because for so long, study of the brain was unheard of. Herophilos’ accomplishments of the brain not only consisted of identifying the uses, but also the parts of the brain. He identified the meninges and ventricles and recognized the division between cerebellum (paraenkephalis) and cerebrum (enkephalos) (1). With further investigation of the brain, the anatomist also discovered the nerves of the brain. Herophilos described the eye nerves (oculomotor), the ear nerves ( auditory), and the tongue nerve (hypoglossal) (1). Herophilos’ discoveries are considered amazing because all of this was done without help of a microscope, considering it was not invented until much later (1). By further investigating the small cavities of the brain Herophilos found, and named, the torcular...

Find Another Essay On Herophilos: The Father of Modern Science

Leibniz: The Father of Modern Calculus

1549 words - 6 pages mathematics, but his most noteworthy accomplishment was the discovery of differential calculus and its highly efficient notation. Leibniz was born July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Germany into a family of renowned scholars. His father, Friedrich Leibniz, was a professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig. By the age of seven, Leibniz was self-taught in Greek and Latin and "was something of a prodigy" (Meyer 2). During this time, he was

The Father of Modern Theater: Henrik Ibsen

3168 words - 13 pages How far will one search for truth? Henrik Ibsen was a poet of truth; he confronted firmly held ideas not only represented in Norway, but worldwide. Ibsen incorporated radical views and elevated the principles of women and downplayed the power of man. He is deemed the “father” of modern theater and is the worlds most frequently performed dramatist after William Shakespeare. Regardless of his unpopular viewpoints, Ibsen’s dramas invigorate social

The Father of Science Fiction: Herbert George Wells

1953 words - 8 pages referred to as “The Father of Science Fiction”. His father, Joseph Wells was a shopkeeper and played cricket professionally at the time H.G. Wells was born. His mother, Sarah Neal worked as a domestic servant. The family received an inheritance which they used to purchase a shop that sold sporting goods and china. Although Joseph Wells worked as a shopkeeper and played professional cricket, the family was not wealthy. The family’s shop was in a bad

Descartes - Father of Modern Philosophy

2168 words - 9 pages became the starting point for epistemology. (Andrew, 2007)René Descartes was a French mathematician, philosopher, and anatomist during the 16th century. Descartes gave aid to modern ideas, especially those related with science, rational thought, and the scientific method. Descartes became known as the Father of Modern Philosophy because his attempt fully to integrate philosophy with science changed the relationship between philosophy and

Alexander Pushkin; the Father of Modern Russian Literature

1134 words - 5 pages Russia is home to many great writers, all of whom owe inspiration to romantic era author and poet Alexander Pushkin. Pushkin is considered the father of modern Russian literature and is often compared to the likes of England’s Byron or Shakespeare. Pushkin challenged literary norms and was a vital voice in Russian society. Although Alexander Pushkin’s greatest piece, “Eugene Onegin”, is a narrative tale it says much about Russian character and

The Impact of Modern Science and Technology

792 words - 3 pages The Impact of Modern Science and Technology The quest for scientific knowledge should be boundless. There should not be any type of barriers to prevent such an enrichment of knowledge, and that is exactly what science presents to us. Scientific knowledge can only help us in the long run and even perhaps save us from catastrophes that may occur naturally in the world. There could be an agreement that science has produced many dangerous and

Paul Rand: Father Of Modern Graphic Design

1791 words - 7 pages (Heller). Rand did not set out to be a radical. Trained in the commercial art bullpens of New York City, he thoroughly understood the needs of the marketplace, while at the same time frowning on esthetic standards that impeded functionality. He modeled himself on Paul Klee, El Lissitzky, and Le Corbusier, each of whom advocated a timeless spirit in design, and he adhered to Le Corbusier's dictum that "to be modern is not a fashion, it is a

Willis Carrier: The Father of Cool, Inventor of the modern-day Air Conditioner

1303 words - 5 pages anything.Willis Carrier always liked to fish with his father when he was young and continued to do so as he got older. His favourite pastime was even evident in one of his most famous quotes: "I fish only for edible fish, and hunt only for edible game even in the laboratory," (Willis Carrier). Because Carrier was an only child, he received a lot of attention from his parents. This was the main reason why his main mentor was his father. Carrier's father

Descartes: The Father of Modern Philosophy on the Existence of God

1137 words - 5 pages Descartes' thinking. Some have denied their ideas on knowledge. The truth is that no one can avoid interacting with this giant of the philosophical world.Works Cited[1] "Descartes' Proof for the Existence of God".www.oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/descartes-god.html[2] "René Descartes". Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Descartes[3] "René Descartes and David Hume: Roots of 'Modern' Skepticism". Father John Denniston.Pages 1-4.

The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy

3577 words - 14 pages The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy ABSTRACT: Curiously, in the late twentieth century, even agnostic cosmologists like Stephen Hawking—who is often compared with Einstein—pose metascientific questions concerning a Creator and the cosmos, which science per se is unable to answer. Modern science of the brain, e.g. Roger Penrose's Shadows of the Mind (1994), is only beginning to explore the relationship between the

The Morals Behind Modern Science

767 words - 3 pages ethics and moralities is the recent discoveries in the field of artificial reproduction, such as the study of cloning. The two most compelling ethical principles used in comparison to modern reproductive technologies are the thoughts of the playing god theory and the right to an open future theory. These two thoughts interest me the most because they seem to hit on the two most important aspects of cloning. While I am not necessarily for or against

Similar Essays

The Father Of The Modern Detective Story

1131 words - 5 pages to Poe as an inspiration for their love of the poetry.The work of Poe is a clear indication of his mastery of language and his preoccupation with the dark side of human nature. As The Father of the Modern Detective story, Edgar Allan Poe made his mark on the world of literature. Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1809, and died in a hospital in 1849 after being found unconscious in the street. Following the death of his mother, Poe

Hippocrates: The Father Of Modern Medicine

806 words - 3 pages century during the Dawn of Hippocrates, by the Greek physician Hippocrates.Hippocrates, known as the "Father of Medicine," was born on the island of Cos, Greek in 460 BC. He is regarded as the founder of medicine and argued against the theory that illness was caused by supernatural forces, thereby freeing ancient medicine from superstition and shifting it towards science."Under his influence, the shackles of mysticism, which had bound medicine for so

Robert Goddard: The Father Of Modern Rocketry

3160 words - 13 pages accomplish his goal of creating a rocket capable of flight, and his design would later reach the stars. Furthermore, had his work been sponsored by the Armed Forces after the First World War, the space race would have not been such a challenge for the United States (Yost, 144). Dr. Goddard is still revered and remembered as the Father of Modern Rocketry. WORKS CITED Burrows, William. THIS NEW OCEAN: THE STORY OF THE FIRST SPACE AGE

Dmitri Mendeleev: The Father Of Modern Chemistry

1378 words - 6 pages Dmitri Mendeleev was a Russian chemist that made many breakthroughs is science. He is mostly known for creating the periodic table. Mendeleev’s work is still used today worldwide. Most of Mendeleev’s life was a struggle but he overcame all of them to become one of the world’s greatest scientists Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was born on February 8 1834 in the small village of Verckhine right outside of Siberia. His parents were Ivan and Maria