The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands found in the human body. It plays an important role in hormone release that helps to regulate some homeostatic activities in the body. It is a delicate organ which should be discussed. This research paper will talk about some diseases that impair the function of the thyroid gland, diagnosis, causes, and treatment.
An imbalance in the production of thyroid hormones arises when the thyroid gland is not functioning well. Also in the pituitary gland, which produces thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), or the hypothalamus, which regulates the pituitary gland through thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)? From an article by Jack DeRuiter, “the ...view middle of the document...
This is a common issue experienced by them across the world.
Thyroid cancer is another type of thyroid disease. Thyroid cancer is more prevalent in countries that have little iodine in their diets. Iodine deficiency is not a problem in the US because it is available in table salt and foods being eaten. Although iodine is a substrate for thyroid hormones, high levels prompt the thyroid gland to take in less of the iodine that is eaten, thereby reducing hormone production. Therefore, the iodine intake levels have to be watched closely so it does not cause more harm than good. Iodine has been used to treat some thyroid diseases. Radioiodine and surgical methods have been used to treat thyroid cancer. A sufficient use of radioiodine has been known to kill the cancer cells without harming the tissues of the individual gravely. Surgical procedures involve doing away with the thyroid gland completely (O.W.H., 2012). Early detection is always the key to curing or curtailing this form of thyroid disease.
In diagnosing thyroid cancer, physicians often use tests to confirm the suspicion of thyroid cancer, size and location of the lump, and to determine whether the lump is non-cancerous or cancerous. Blood tests such as the TSH test check thyroid function. Diagnostic reports indicate “Calcitonin is produced by the C cells of the thyroid gland when the parafollicular cells of the thyroid become cancerous. Blood calcitonin levels are used to confirm the diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer if it is suspected” (American Cancer Society, 2014).
Hyperthyroidism is also prevalent in pregnant women. This is the opposite of hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include the loss of weight, throwing up, and hypertension. A medical approach is the most useful form of hyperthyroidism treatment during pregnancy. Some medications like Propylthiouracil or methimazole (Tapazole) have been used to in the treatment of hyperthyroidism (Shomon, M. J., 2006). Using scans or iodine treatment should not be used in cases of pregnancy. This is to ensure that these procedures do not affect the health of the fetus or cause irreversible damage.
In the treatment of hypothyroidism,...