HIGH SPEED RAILTRANSPORT SOCIETY AND PLANNINGMSc TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND PLANNING (PT)LECTURER: CHRIS MILLSSTUDENT: BABER BEGSTUDENT No.: 3301044London South Bank UniversitySchool of the Built Environment and Architecture103 Borough Road, London, SE1 0AAwww.lsbu.ac.uk
TRANSPORT PLANNING AND SOCIETY
Student ID: 3301044
INTRODUCTIONIn this briefing note the analysis of high speed rail are presented with respect to the benefits provided by this travel mode. Many countries have developed high-speed rail to connect major cities, including Belgium, Britain, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey and the United States.HISTORICAL BACKGROUNDThe railway system in the UK is the oldest in the world, with the first public railway opening in 1825. Most of the railway track is managed by Network Rail, which in 2014 had a network of 15,753km of standard gauge lines of which 5,268 km has been electrified. These lines range from single, double and quadruple track. In addition, some cities have rail-based mass transit systems such as the historical London Underground and the recently opened overland line which connects from Watford Junction in the north to West Croydon in the south. The British railway network is linked to with continental Europe by an undersea rail link, the Channel Tunnel Link, which was opened in 1994. The majority of the rail network in Britain consists of lines constructed during the Victorian era, which are limited to speeds no greater than 200 kilometres per hour. [1: ]High-speed rail arrived in the United Kingdom with the opening in 2003 of the first part of High Speed 1 (then known as the 108-kilometre Channel Tunnel Rail Link) between London and the Channel Tunnel. International passenger services are currently provided by Eurostar, with journey times of London St Pancras to Paris Gare du Nord in 2 hours 15 minutes, and St Pancras to Brussels-South in 1 hour 51 minutes, using a fleet of multi-system trains capable of 300 kilometres per hour. This service not only caters for international passengers but also for domestic passengers travelling to the towns and cities in Kent and includes provision for the movement of freight.[2: ]The main advantages of rail travel over other modes is that it is an eco-friendly way to get around. All major cities in the world have rail connections linking to countless local and commuter services. Trains allow you to travel in safety and comfort, and their old-worldly charm sets them apart from more mundane means of transport. They pollute less, rarely suffer from weather delays and will not give you jet lag. You can talk to your companions, read a book, or have a snooze and even catch-up on some work from the office.The recent increases in the population growth places a huge demand on existing infrastructure and the available modes of travel. Do we build more homes, towns, and cities with new infrastructure? Do we widen our existing road...