High Stakes Testing, The Standardized Classroom, And The Marginalization Of Multicultural Education

1864 words - 7 pages

“The world’s greatest problems do not result from people being unable to read and write. They result from people in the world-from different cultures, races, religions, and nations-being unable to get along and to work together to solve the world’s problems.” These statements by James A. Banks have made a profound impact on my view towards multicultural education and the nation’s current trend of standardization and high-stakes testing. Scholarly research shows that the emphasis placed on testing and standards, mandated by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, is causing teachers to focus entirely on basic skills in reading, writing, and math (Banks & Banks, 2010). This focus on basic skills is taking much needed time and attention away from multicultural education, and the teaching of social justice skills. These skills are critical to students becoming active citizens that can work together with all different groups to tackle the world’s issues. Thus, the problem and question for me becomes, how do we as educators maintain excellence and equity in our teaching through multicultural education, in the face of the standards and mandates set by NCLB and our state, so that no student-of any group-is left behind?
All Students Left Behind
NCLB was passed with a goal of closing the achievement gap between white students and their low-income and minority peers. However research over the past 10 years has found that the high-stakes testing policies have not improved reading and math achievement across states, and have not significantly narrowed national and state level achievement gaps (Au, 2009). In fact, the high stakes testing and standardization of classrooms has hurt the very students it set out to help. According to Haretos (2005), “the volatility in test scores makes it difficult for racially diverse schools to make adequate yearly progress (AYP), since every racial and ethnic subgroup must do so. Thus, when AYP is based on academic achievement levels, the subgroup rules create negative unintended consequences for the students they were designed to help, by disproportionately subjecting racially diverse schools to sanctions under NCLB.” This consequence also threatens to increase the growing dropout and push-out rates for students in these sub-groups (Darling-Hammond, 2007).
This paradox is not just affecting low-income and minority students, but also students in non-minority groups as well. When there is no time for focus on skills that students need to participate in social change, these students will not learn to question practices within society or to work with other students from all different groups and backgrounds in order to effect change. Classes in schools which may contribute to multicultural education, such as social studies and foreign language, are being cut completely in order to spend more time on reading and math (Au, 2009). According to Au (2009), since multi-cultural anti-racist perspectives and content are not...

Find Another Essay On High-Stakes Testing, the Standardized Classroom, and the Marginalization of Multicultural Education

High Stakes Testing Essay

3377 words - 14 pages disciplines. Consequently, standardized tests are not able to evaluate these important kinds of learning.Pros of High-stakes testingHigh-stakes tests are transforming the education landscape, and lawmakers and educators are learning to navigate in uncharted terrain. Conditions and requirements vary state-by-state, and progress in meeting the new standards requires patience. But there are some benefits of high-stakes testing. According to the Education

High Stakes Testing Essay

1385 words - 6 pages High Stakes Testing In 1997, President Bill Clinton stated that the United States needed, “ a national crusade for education standards - not federal government standards, but national standards, representing what all our students must know to succeed in the knowledge economy of the twenty-first century”(http://books.nap.edu/books/0309062802/html/13.html). The way to succeed in this journey is through standardized testing that results in

Is High-Stakes Testing Effective?

1541 words - 6 pages The issue of high-stakes testing is a substantial topic in the world of education today. Some find it to be a useful tool in making decisions in education. By using the results from a high stakes test, schools are able to decide where each student should go next. By setting high standards and high expectations, schools are ensuring that their tests have a purpose. (National Research Council, 1999) Others disagree and find high-stakes testing to

High-stakes Testing in Schools

633 words - 3 pages High-stakes testing is a very complicated issue. The watered down explanation given to the members of the public is that of holding teachers accountable for the achievement of their students. However, this is not the only use of HST. HST can also be utilized in determining grade level promotion, assigning a performance rating to an entire school, and determining students’ ability to graduate from high school (Kubiszyn & Borich, 2013). One of

The Potential Impacts of Upcoming High-Stakes Testing on the Teaching of Science in Elementary Classrooms-Research Article Critique

1165 words - 5 pages punishments associated with high-stakes testing in the elementary school. Additionally, research should be conducted to determine how teacher’s interpretation of science standards are integrated into teaching and learning along with the long-term effects of standardized state science testing and scores in the elementary classroom. After critiquing this article I can see the way to integrate and apply the research to extrapolate the data collected in a

How Standardized Testing Effect the Education in the United States

584 words - 3 pages the state. As the high-stakes testing becomes more popular, standardized tests become a tool to change through their use as a measure of the quality of the education system, and as the foundation for curriculum and instructional practices. Under No Child Left Behind, standards and assessments rest tightly at the national education policy, and remain as the strongest force on policy and practice. Despite the importance of high-stakes testing to

High-Stakes Testing in American Schools

1618 words - 6 pages The NCLB Act has obligated the government to find a way to keep track of progress, which, in their minds, is administering high-stakes tests. High-stakes testing is scrutinized all the time, since some believe it is the only indicator of tracking students and teachers. They seemed to have been ridiculed by many and favored by few; nonetheless there are significant disparities in the public’s and government’s opinion. According to Dunne (2000

Vocational Education Vs. Standardized Testing

1519 words - 6 pages accomplish with vocational classes. Last but most definitely not least, vocational courses give teens the ability to explore career opportunities. Therefore, it can be concluded that vocational education courses put to test the creative ability of students rather than holding them to a cookie cutter standard that is brought upon them by standardized testing. Obviously, not everyone is going to go to college and receive a four-year degree. Since

Standardized Testing a Failure in Education

1334 words - 5 pages Standardized testing scores proficiencies in most generally accepted curricular areas. The margin of error is too great to call this method effective. “High test scores are generally related to things other than the actual quality of education students are receiving” (Kohn 7). “Only recently have test scores been published in the news-paper and used as the primary criteria for judging children, teachers, and schools.”(2) Standardized testing is

The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing

2228 words - 9 pages Standardized testing is ruining classrooms; schools, teachers and students will have to live under the regime of high-stakes testing in the future. Work Cited Abrams, L.M., Pedulla, J.J., & Madaus, G.F. (2003). Views from the Classroom: Teachers’ Opinions of Statewide Testing Programs. Theory Into Practice, 42(1), 18-29 Amrein, A. L., & Berliner, D.C. (2003). The Effects of High-Stakes Testing on Student Motivation and

The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing

1872 words - 8 pages student’s achievements effectively because it provides the colleges with accurate achievements from the students. The way this is measure is through either of these Standardized Tests; SAT [Scholastic Aptitude Test] and ACT [American College Testing]. These tests provide the colleges with the grades that the high school students are predicted the success while attending there university. (source 4) In some research show that, standardized tests are a

Similar Essays

Standardized And High Stakes Testing Essay

1797 words - 7 pages classrooms. "To demand that teachers be instantly accountable for challenging new content standards when we have not invested in the relearning teachers require if they are to meet those standards" (Sirotnik and Kimball 212) is an irresponsible and unfair act on the part of states and the educational testing community. If schools and teachers are to take on these high-stakes responsibilities then the policy makers must ask the public to put their money

Diversity And Multicultural Education In The Classroom

1698 words - 7 pages that their homes and families have instilled in them (Manning & Baruth, 2009). The concepts included in providing a more diverse, multicultural education are requiring teachers to review their own issues and prejudices while expanding their knowledge of the many cultures that make up the classroom. These efforts help the educator recognize the various individual and cultural differences of each student, as well as gain an understanding on

High Stakes Testing Essay

1272 words - 5 pages that high stakes testing is not the way to go, so why are so many schools still participating? The words of Dr. Paul Houston pretty much wrap up my stance on this issue. “Only on ‘Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?’ can people rise to the top by rote memorization and answers to multiple-choice questions. The FINAL ANSWER to improving education is more than memorizing facts for a multiple-choice test. Children today need critical thinking skills

High Stakes Testing Essay

1250 words - 5 pages educational policies. But, even though education is such an important issue government allows high-stakes testing to crush the education of our nations students. A high-stakes test is one that holds consequences for failure. School districts, teachers and students become victims of high-stakes testing consequences. A school district may loose funding or be investigated causing financial ramifications. A teacher may loose their job because their