This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Higher Education In Pakistan Vs. The Uk

1069 words - 4 pages

The state of higher education: Pakistan in comparison with the UK

After partition, Pakistan, an independent state came into being in 1947 and inherited a colonial university system, created by the British. The fundamental features of this system during that era were that it was under-financed, bureaucratic, and mediocre and was teaching rather than research oriented.

Just then, the country had a poorly educated population and few schools or universities. Even though the education system has expanded to a great extent since then, debate continues about the curriculum, and, apart from a few elite institutions, quality remains a critical concern of educators till date.

In Pakistan, higher education is referred to as the education above grade 12, which normally corresponds to the age bracket of 17 to 23 years. This system in Pakistan is made up of two main sectors: the university/Degree Awarding Institutes (DAI) sector and the affiliated colleges sector. The Higher Education Commission is an autonomous apex body responsible for the distribution of public funds from the federal government to universities and DAIs and accrediting their degree programs. Colleges are funded and regulated through provincial legislatures, but follow the curriculum of the HEC funded universities/DAIs with which they are associated. While the HEC primarily funds public universities, it has in recent times also opened a limited number of avenues for making funds available to private sector universities for research and infrastructure development as well.

International comparisons in higher education and training with developed countries such as the United Kingdom are of great importance in order to understand the recent innovations and developments in countries in the field of higher education.
Pakistan is a federal territory with five of its provincial units: Sindh, Punjab, KPK, Baluchistan and the newly formed Gilgit0Baltistan with satisfactory level of provincial autonomy. Whereas the United Kingdom is a union of four countries – England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, with English Parliament as a central government.
The universities and degree awarding institutions in Pakistan are autonomous but are characterized by their respective provincial governments and the Higher Education Commission Pakistan. Likewise in the UK, students after the completion of secondary education enroll in universities or other professional colleges. The degree Programmes vary in duration across both the different countries. For example, in England first degree programmes are usually of three years for full time.
In the United Kingdom, higher education institutions are independent, self-governing bodies active in teaching, research and scholarship. They are established by Royal Charter or legislation with most of them being partly funded by government.
In accumulation to universities and university colleges, both the countries have a number of other publicly...

Find Another Essay On Higher Education in Pakistan vs. the UK

Equity in Higher Education Essay

6294 words - 25 pages Equity in Higher Education Equity in Higher Education In the United States, higher education has yielded considerable value to individuals and society. The societal benefits of higher education include knowledge creation, economic well-being and productivity of citizens, and direct expenditures by the institutions, their employees, and their students, which impact local economies. Education has long been an essential foundation of

Diversity in Higher Education Essay

2460 words - 10 pages treated equally? Two recent Supreme Court cases involving non-minority students filing suit regarding being denied admission to two universities are the 2003 case of Grutter v. Bollinger (539 U.S. 306) and the 2012 case of Fisher v. University of Texas (570 U.S.). In both these cases the non-minority students were not admitted to the universities involved due to the Supreme Court finding that “…diversity in higher education is a compelling state

Corruption in Higher Education

866 words - 4 pages mainly focus on corruption in state universities of Azerbaijan, more particularly its background, its current level, causes, culprits, general solutions, and my solutions to the problem. Background As mentioned in the book called “Corruption in Higher Education: Some findings from the States of the Former Soviet Union” written by Paul Temple and Georgy Petrov from Institute of Education, University of London, United Kingdom, corruption in higher

Solutions in Higher Education

848 words - 3 pages new objectives. Finally, we will establish assessment practices that provide opportunities for students to self-monitor, rehearse, practice and receive feedback. According to CSHE (2002), there are three objectives of higher education assessment, (1) assessment that guides and encourages effective approaches to learning; (2) assessment that validly and reliably measures the expected outcomes, in particular, the higher-order learning that

Tenure in higher education

1212 words - 5 pages without tenure we will return to the days when faculty were dismissed for teaching unpopular opinions. The practice of tenure at most universities seems to come under fire. Some say that tenure is the best interest of the students. (NEA Higher Education)As stated on the NEA website institutions have not been filling tenure-track positions as faculty retire or resign to take another position. Instead we are seeing an increase in the numbers of

Education Equality in Pakistan

1454 words - 6 pages Education Equality in Pakistan"Education is directly related to the development of the society" (Shahzad, et al, 2011). As many people know education is important and something that many strive for. In Pakistan the chance of a women getting the opportunity to pursue an education is very slim; and if they do pursue an education they generally don't succeed. The astounding gap between literacy rates in men and women has begun to cause concern in

History of Education Legislation in the UK

1170 words - 5 pages school was failing, they would bring in head teachers from the business world in order to manage the finances of the school and help invest money into resources. This would give the working class children a better learning environment whilst attending school, which would hopefully boost their education attainment. However, there was a problem. Schools with better reputations because of being higher up in the league tables attracted more pupils. This

Political Ideologies on Education in the UK

2512 words - 11 pages there was a necessity to gain access to chances of training along with the introduction of adaptable working practices at the higher end of the employment market (NUT 2010). The attempts to achieve an educational equality in support of woman has had a somewhat long history in that there were struggles for woman during the early 20th Century to gain access not only in secondary education but also that of a university education ,since achieved

The Higher Education Debate

1021 words - 4 pages Higher education debate is a controversial and hot topic for politicians in the United States due to the price associated with higher education in the country. State lawmakers regularly worry about the rising cost of attaining a college degree, and lowering the debt burden to the student. Consequently these issues have been turned into a talking point during the presidential campaign trail. The pressure on the amount of tuition paid has not only

Business Environment Analysis HSBC of UK VS UBL of Pakistan

2045 words - 8 pages literacy and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world." In UK over 99% aged 15 people completed 5 years and more than 5 years' schoolings. These provide more opportunities and support environment for banking development by popularising new technology. While Pakistan has just 45.7% population, which age 15 and over can read and write, it is a great problem for

Funding Higher Education in England

2965 words - 12 pages paper series no. 22. 5 Greenaway, D. and Haynes, M. 2003. FUNDING HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE UK: THE ROLE OF FEES AND LOANS*.Royal Economic Society, 113. 6 Harrsion, A. (2011).England's universities face funding cuts of 12%.Available: Last accessed 22 Nov 2013. 7 nsotd4.(2012).Jeremy Paxman vs Vince Cable over U-turn on Tuition Fees [Online]. Available 8 Ruppert, S

Similar Essays

The Internationalisation Of Higher Education In The Uk

1117 words - 4 pages York St John University is committed to the concept of internationalisation in higher education. How would I use my study abroad in the UK to contribute to the positive effects of internationalisation?   The issue of internationalisation has been the subject of a fierce debate in higher education throughout the last decades. Attending universities in the UK has traditionally been the main route for international students to acquire

The Need For Higher Education In Brazil

2333 words - 9 pages private players continues to be high (52% vs 30%). (Graph 4) Experts believe that the student retention comes with quality and this is going to have to narrow in order for the sector to capture promising prospects. If neither are able to do so, then “Not only will the public system but the private one would have lost a lifetime opportunity, now at the post-secondary level.” Benefits of Higher Education The benefits both private and public seem

The Greed For Money In Higher Education

2638 words - 11 pages With all due respect to the policy commission board. In the column of your highest rank, as a senior college student, I will be mentioning some problems and most important crisis that today’s higher education is facing. Hundreds and thousands of books have been published and going to be published in the future that shed light on the crisis of higher education, but did any of these books change the higher education the way we look today? College

Changes In Higher Education Essay

637 words - 3 pages   Higher education in the United States has changed considerably. The idea of providing professional pedagogue has been diverged to “capital accumulation”. The number of non-tenure professors has increased while the number of tenured professors has decreased. According to John Lombardi, thirty-five years ago nearly 75 percent of all college professors were tenurable but today those proportions have reversed. (John Lombardi, Your Problem is My