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The Hill Burton Act Essay

1523 words - 7 pages

We’ve all the heard saying desperate times call for desperate measures. During this time the American people were in need of a miracle. The world suffered a severe economic depression, known as the Great Depression. The Great Depression (1929-1939) preceded a decade before World War II (1939-1945). Although the timing varied for cities across the United States, it was considered the longest, most widespread and deepest depression of the 20th Century. The Great Depression started with the collapsing of the U.S. stock market prices. The stock markets crashed on 10/29/1929, marking it the day known as “Black Tuesday.”
The American people needed help more than ever. Due to the Great Depression and war, many hospitals became obsolete and over 40% of the nation’s countries didn't have any hospitals. Luckily, a new law passed by Congress would solve that problem. Following the Great Depression and war, the Hospital Survey and Construction Act, also known as the Hill-Burton Act was passed in 1946. The Hill-Burton Act was to provide grants and loan to facilities for the construction of nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, hospitals and health centers (Health & Human Services, 2000). Facilities receiving these funds had three rules to follow: they weren’t allowed to discriminate based on race, color, national origin, or creed, though some ‘separate but equal’ facilities were allowed, provide a ‘reasonable volume’ of free care each year for those residents in the facility’s area who needed care but could not afford to pay and states and localities were also required to prove the economic viability of the facility in question (Newman, 2004).
The Hill-Burton Act wasn’t the only answer for the economic depression and war. During the time of the Great Depression Herbert Hoover was the president and he believed the nation would get better on its own, but it didn’t. In the midst of the Great Depression, the 1932 presidential campaign was happening. Of course it was no surprise what the debate would be about. The presidential campaign between Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt and Republican Herbert Hoover was mainly over the causes and possible remedies of the depression (U.S. Embassy, 2008). Presidential candidate Herbert Hoover focused on natural process of recovery, while Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt presented a new experimental remedy. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president, running off a new platform called the “New Deal.”
FDR’s “First 100 Days” concentrated on immediate relief. President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to give Americans confidence in the banks, which led him to signing the Glass–Steagall Act that established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Other programs created under the New Deal included the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) which gave people jobs that conserved, or protected, the natural environment. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) gave people jobs building dams on the Tennessee River; these dams created and...

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