Hinduism And Beliefs Essay

2461 words - 10 pages

Table of ContentsIntroduction Page 1Hindu BeliefsA. Hindu Gods Page 1B. Life Before and After Death Page 2C. The Caste System Page 2Rituals of Life in Hinduism Page 3 & 4WorshipA. Daily Obligations Page 4B. Daily Rituals Page 4C. Puja Page 5D. Yoga Page 5Hindu Holy BooksA. Veda Page 5B. Laws of Manu Page 5C. The Epics Page 6Pilgrimage Page 6Shivarati Page 6 & 7IntroductionHinduism - stands for the faith and the way of life most of the people who live in India.Hinduism is such an ancient religion that it had many types of beliefs and religious practices. Around 1750 BC Aryan invaders from central Asia settled in North - West India and introduced their own religious ideas.Slowly the Hindu came to accept the idea of the existence of an eternal supreme being. They called this being, Brahman. Hindus also worship different gods which individually represent one particular aspect of Brahman. The most popular one of the lesser gods are Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver), and Shiva (the destroyer)Hinduism has no founder. It is a religion that has slowly developed over a period of time.Hindu BeliefsHindu GodsThe Hindus have four gods Brahman, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. There main god is Brahman. He is the origin and the sustainer of all life, and the goal of all things. He is eternal and omnipotent and only he is real. They believe that Brahman is so great that he cannot be explained in human words because all humans are imperfect and Brahman is perfect.ShivaShiva is usually depicted with six arms each one representing a different function to preform. He is known as the destroyer and restorer of life, symbol of the reproductive force of nature, philosopher and sage. He has a third eye which signifies wisdom or higher consciousness. He has a blue throat which is a result of him swallowing a full cup of mans sins. Worship of Shiva includes fertility rites and veneration of the symbols of male and female sex organs. Most Hindus imagine Shiva as being in deep meditation high in the Himalayas. Shiva is the ultimate god who holds in divine tension the preservation and destruction of the cosmos, both its birth and death. At times he is portrayed as the great ascetic. He is often depicted as the reconciler of dualities such as good and evil, eroticism and asceticism, his creative energy is depicted in the Lingam and Yoni. Shiva is frequently shown in loving union with his consort Parvati (another form of the great goddess)Shiva devotees are called Shaivites, and devotion usually takes the form of Yogic practice. Shiva is often pictured, in one of the best known religious images from India, as the lord of the cosmic dance.Shiva 'LORD OF THE DANCE'. He is surrounded by flames (energy of the universe) and snakes (representing creative power). His upper right hand is holding a drum (to beat the rhythm of the time) while the upper left hand holds a flames (element of destruction). His second right hand is raised for blessing, while his second left hand...

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