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Hinduism And Buddhism Essay

1880 words - 8 pages

Religion can be described as a centralized belief in which a group of people live their lives according to a set of practices, relating to the existence of a particular deity in order to fulfill a purpose. Religious studies are categorized so that each religion may be conveyed in an understandable way in which they are intended to. Many religions attribute, intentionally or not, to what is known as philosophical parallels. Attaining to these parallels involves a big problem with the way vocabulary is utilized. The philosophical parallel: problem of syncretism stimulates the question of whether there is such thing as an authentic religion. Most religions utilize this trait in such conditions that they use certain features of other religions in their own. A big problem with syncretism is the permanence of a religion; all religions must modify with society in order to subsist.
A religion known as Hinduism(s) can be described best as a “two room cottage”. Whenever Hinduism(s) originated, approximately around 1000 BCE, it started in India as something small and has progressively renovated with additions to new and changing concepts. Hinduism(s) has expanded all the way to the West, exhibiting it’s acceleration of growth as a religion. Following Hinduism(s) is the fourth largest religion, widely illustrated as cousins, is Buddhism. It is known to be the oldest missionary religion which is practiced throughout Asia. Buddhism existed as a religion after the birth of Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama. Although Hinduism(s) and Buddhism share many similarities, one characteristic that makes them unique is the way in which they recognize the atman/soul/life energy existence within an individual.
Classical Hinduism(s) has one main aim which is known as moksha, to leave the world/samsara. In order to reach moksha, Hindu’s acquire what is known as the atman (eternal self) as a version of one’s self or essence which then ceases to bring about one’s true existence, connecting to bhraman. Within the conscious feeling of one’s atman, the term bhraman is used to describe the universal life force that is found in everything, personal and impersonal (Smith, 2-17). Hinduism(s) emphasizes the importance of separating one’s self from the material world/samsara and promotes asceticism (abstaining from worldly desires with aims of pursuing a more religious lifestyle) (Gavin Flood, 2009). Hindu’s view self awareness, as a way to connect with one’s atman. Lastly, the concept of Karma, the cause/effect cycle that is based on a person’s actions that determines their destiny in samsara is also emphasized in order to reach moksha. Samsara and the cycle of reincarnation exist because karma exists (correlating with the cosmic laws). For example, if an individual lives according to righteous morals, they’re closer to reaching moksha rather than someone who creates or does bad things – creating spiritual barriers, thus making moksha harder to reach.
How can moksha be...

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