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Hinduism's Three Views Of Salvation Essay

2545 words - 10 pages


Introduction
In every religion there are key components to the belief system, and ways in which one obtains Salvation. For example, Mormons’ follow the beliefs of three books: Pearl of Great Price, the Book of Mormon, and the Doctrine in Covenants. Their salvation is works based, and they have no assurance that they will enter into Celestial Kingdom, though they may be assured they will be entered into Telestial Kingdom. Buddhists follow the noble eightfold path, or the four noble truths. Christians believe in the saving grace of Jesus Christ through His death and resurrection on the Cross. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in the “publishing Gospel” in which they keep track of how often the Gospel is shared. Baha’i operates under three fundamental principles with include Oneness of God, Oneness of Humanity, and Oneness of Religion. Salvation? Hinduism has a unique faith based in their three “Margas” or “Paths of Yoga” which are key components to their belief system. These are the foundational elements for the three ways way Hindus can obtain salvation and are presented in a Hindu text called the Bhagavadgita. These three Paths of Yoga include Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, and Bhakti Yoga. These three key elements, also known as Moksa, of Hinduism set the standards high for they are the three ways of obtaining salvation. One source writes “these ways are regarded as suited to various types of people, but they are interactive and potentially available to all.”
“The essential vigor of the older faith was demonstrated further by the fact that the three ways of release or liberation recognized by orthodox Hinduism were clearly worked out and described.”
Karma
Karma Yoga is one of the three paths of Moksa, and ways of salvation. Referred to as the “Way of Works,” it includes proper rituals and sacrifices, and works completed with unselfish attitudes. One author writes “Karma Yoga is the path of action, service to others, mindfulness, and remembering the levels of our being while fulfilling our actions or karma in the world.”
Karma is one of the oldest ways of salvation, commonly known as the “Way of Ritual” because it is so old. It is stemmed from the idea of reincarnation. When first appearing in the Rig-Veda, it took on the meaning of “actions” or “great deeds,” which then took on the term “duty,” to express that an individual has a duty to perform. As previously mentioned, it is then stemmed from the idea of reincarnation in that it became crucial for an individual to perform the duties due to their actions in a previous life. One source writes “The idea is that the actions in one life produce the fruits of karma (karmaphalani), which then determine one’s duties in the next life.” It is impossible to live without acting, therefore, an individual will always produce karmic fruit.
Karma can be viewed as cause and effect for the actions that an individual takes in one life produces the duties of the next. It is written that...

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