Hippocratic Medicine Essay

1048 words - 5 pages

This chapter will analyze the Hippocratic medicine using especially the study of the Hippocratic Corpus. In the texts of the Hippocratic Corpus, medicine becomes pragmatic and secular, with theories to explain natural causes of diseases and discussions about medical practices and professional ethic. The chapter will discuss fundamental theoretical and ethical changes in medicine after Hippocrates.
It is important to keep in mind that the Hippocratic Corpus is not the text of a single author, but rather a compilation of writings by many authors with similar characteristics with Hippocrates of Cos. Possibly, many treaties were lost in the fire that destroyed the Great Library of Alexandria, ...view middle of the document...

At that time, medicine still manly worked on trial and error, but the Hippocratic physicians became more pragmatic. They started focusing on observation and registers, repeating treatments that worked and modifying treatments that failed. However, while distancing themselves from religion, some authors of the Corpus begun to use philosophy to explain the diseases, leaving the observation and empiricism in the background. Nevertheless, even in the Corpus there are texts that critic not only the divine explanations for the origin of diseases, but also the hypothetical speculation of philosophers about health (On Epilepsy and Ancient Medicine).
The texts of the Corpus cover many medical fields, among them professional ethics, symptomatology, etiology of diseases, dietary, nosology, therapeutics, gynecology and surgery. Despite the doctrinaire diversity, the documents provide fundamental concepts regarding the nature of the body and illnesses, the intellectual and moral training of physicians, the clinical procedures and the theories of pathogenesis.
To explain the origin of diseases, the Hippocratic Corpus used the theory of humours. Since this is a collection with different authors, some chapters differ in the amount and description of humours. The school of Cos used the theory of the four humours: black bile (mélaina cholé), blood (haima), phlegm (plégma) and yellow bile (xanthé cholé), as described in On the Nature of Human Beings and On Humors from the Corpus. To the Ancient Greeks, digested food turned into blood, bones and muscles, but excess of aliments or indigestible materials became humours. In a healthy person, the humours were in harmony, with no deficiency or excess. Deficiencies or surpluses of humours were the cause of illnesses. The excess in humours were visible in vomiting and diarrheas (yellow bile or black bile), expectoration of mucus (phlegm or yellow bile), dysenteries (black bile or blood) and hemoptysis (blood).
The theory of the four humours was used for almost two thousand years to explain diseases, but it was proven inaccurate a few centuries ago. However, this theory had some foundation in experimentation and analysis of nature. Fahræus suggested that the four humours were inspired in the...

Find Another Essay On Hippocratic Medicine

Legalization of Euthanasia Essay

1796 words - 7 pages effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy” ( Greek Medicine) this is majorly important because by violating this oath they violate the respect they are expected to have for the body and the mind. Doctors have also given their word when signing their signature to the Hippocratic Oath. If a doctor was to break this sworn oath, he would undoubtedly lose patient trust. However; the Hippocratic Oath has been modified and

Hippocrates: The Father of Modern Medicine

806 words - 3 pages field of medicine not only gave him a spot in history, but also helped shape the face of modern medicine. His novel ideas about the causes of disease and ways to prevent them have helped generations of people throughout the world. His innovative ideas about preventive medicine, prognosis and diagnosis, and the rejection of the theory of the supernatural causing ailments, helped turn medicine into a science. Pain will inevitably be present until the end of mankind, but the Hippocratic Oath will help insure that patients receive the proper care and treatment for their illnesses.

Greek philosopher Hippocrates

722 words - 3 pages Menon, a pupil of Aristotle. The influence of Hippocrates and of the Hippocratic writings has, however, been very real. It has incontestably helped in freeing medicine from superstition and speculative hypotheses.From the slender sources available, we learn that Hippocrates was born on the island of Cos in the Aegean Sea about 469 B.C. His father and first teacher was Heraclides, who belonged to the fluid of physicians. His mother was a mid wife

Hippocrates: Father of Medicine

932 words - 4 pages /73Hippocrates-of-Cos). He was one of the first who believed that disease was caused by natural forces and cures should be based on scientific principles. (historylearningsite.com). He is credited with advancing the systematic study of clinical medicine, summing up the medical knowledge of previous schools and prescribing practices for physicians through the Hippocratic Corpus and other works. (wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocrates). Hippocrates

Hippocrates’s and Galen’s ideas

1821 words - 7 pages donations to medicine as the founder of the Hippocratic school of medicine. This school of medicine modernized medicine in Ancient Greece, ascertaining it as a discipline distinctive from others, notably theurgy (the practice of rituals, sometimes seen as magical in nature, to evoke the presence of one or more Gods). Hippocrates is recognized as the first person to consider that ailments were triggered by natural causes, and not owing to

Arguments against Physician-assisted suicide

1248 words - 5 pages clear when it states that no lethal drugs or other methods of assisted suicide should be practiced (“Greek Medicine”). Ignoring these principles goes against the Hippocratic Oath, degrading a doctor’s credibility and character. Not only does physician-assisted suicide discredit a doctor, but it is not constitutionally sound. Physician-assisted suicide has been brought to the attention of the Supreme Court on several occasions, in order to test


1009 words - 5 pages , along with other countries for several ways. First off, the concept of Euthanasia is not supported in the Hippocratic Oath. Secondly, taking somebody’s life regardless of the reason can be compared to homicide and murder. Finally, euthanasia should not be necessary in today’s modern technological world. Euthanasia is wrong in many scenarios and it is a good decision to keep it illegal. First of all, Euthanasia goes against the entire theory of the

Physician Assisted Suicide

2036 words - 8 pages . Physician assisted suicide interferes with God being the taker of life, and is, therefore, unacceptable. Furthermore, individuals who claim the Hippocratic oath is outdated also argue that physician assisted suicide is not murder. As the Hippocratic Oath loses value and significance, people argue that modern medicine should be used to assist in human euthanization. Lastly, many will argue God, but those who argue God are not too wise. Faith

Vesalius and the Hippocratic Tradition

652 words - 3 pages in place in Europe for many hundred of years. It provided detailed, and accurate, drawings and explanations of the workings of the human body: which was another important development in medicine; and it showed the clarity of his work, argument and presentation.2IV- Heir to Hippocratic ModelAndrea Vesalius is considered one great physician in human history. All his work and contribution marked the beginning of a new era for medicine. Thanks to his

Greece Laid the Groundwork for Today

680 words - 3 pages being used today. First, Greece was instrumental in defining the ethics of medicine. Greece created a pledge for doctors, making them responsible for always putting forth their best efforts in support of their patients. It was Hippocrates; perhaps one of the first doctors, also known as the “father of modern medicine” who created the Hippocratic Oath (“Ancient Greek Medicine.”) His oath, which he had his student population take, was to treat


733 words - 3 pages . He gave us the Hippocratic Oath. This oath that all doctors take before becoming an official doctor. Hippocrates also gave us the Hippocratic Collection, or Corpus Hippocraticus. Another major contributes were the writings about Air, Water, and Places. These writings are primarily about what to do when sick and too keep from getting sick. All of there writings are what gives Hippocrates his name: the Father of Medicine. Another major thing that

Similar Essays

The Importance Of Hippocrates To The History Of Medicine

755 words - 3 pages gods. However, locals believed Hippocrates was a descendant of Asklepios, god of medicine. Hippocrates himself was a good example of his philosophy: he died aged 104. He is associated with the Hippocratic Oath and also the Hippocratic Corpus. Hippocrates stressed the importance of fresh air, a good diet and plenty of exercise to help the body heal itself. All of Hippocrates' students had to follow a strict ethical code that

Hippocrates: The Father Of Medicine Essay

677 words - 3 pages . Because of his family’s wealth, Hippocrates was given extensive education as a child for nine years in primary school and two more years in secondary school. It is likely that Hippocrates began to study medicine under his father in an apprenticeship, where he followed his father and another doctor, carefully observing their work. It is also believed that Hippocrates travelled to the Greek mainland and possibly Egypt and Libya to study medical

Semester Term Paper: Hippocrates

2239 words - 9 pages make a person grow stronger (Hippocrates “On a Sensible Diet” 1). This expresses the extent of which diet regulation is important in maintaining health. Also, mixing certain items in food causes disease. Mixing weaker components such as wheat, flour oil, and sugar create stronger compounders which can be potentially harmful (Hippocrates “On a Sensible Diet” 1). Therefore, Hippocratic medicine is strongly based on the adjustment of diet and

Hippocrates Essay

618 words - 2 pages has many writings, includingthe Hippocratic Oath, that are credited to his name, but it is questionable whether they areactually his or not.Hippocrates was born in 460 B.C. during the Golden Age of Greece. He was born, lived,learned, and practiced medicine on the island of Cos, although he did travel throughout Greecepracticing his medicine at one time of his life. His father's name was Heraclides. Heraclides was Hippocrates's first teacher