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Hiroshima: Somewhat Justified Essay

894 words - 4 pages

World War 2 is considered the most destructive and deadly war ever fought. Yet even after Hitler's suicide and Germany's surrender, the war was not over. The Japanese army still wouldn't admit defeat. The Japanese were a strong people willing to fight till it was no longer possible. It may even be said that they were suicidal, with their kamikaze pilots and no real hope of defeating the allied nations. The country in a whole had faced starvation and the collapse of their industries and transportation systems. But still Japan was stubborn and held true to their declaration that the only course of action for Japan, was to fight.The possibility of an atomic bomb was first discovered in 1939 and many countries went ahead on trying to create the first. Though Germany was one of those countries, the United States was the only one to put enough resources behind the creation of the atom bomb. Two bombs were developed by the efforts of The Manhattan Project, which was a collaboration between the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and other European physicists. The first bomb was nicknamed "Little Boy" and was made of uranium; the second was nicknamed "Fat Man" and was made of plutonium.Consequently, in the early morning of August 6th, 1945, the United States shocked the world by dropping the first ever atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Though not heavily bombed during the war, Hiroshima had been expecting an attack do to their notable port and industrial centre. Hiroshima also had 43 000 Japanese soldiers in it, making the city a significant military base. It served as the headquarters of the Japanese Second General Army and was also a major point of boarding for Japanese troops and supplies.The nuclear weapon, "Little Boy", was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a B-29 bomber piloted by Colonel Paul. W. Tibbets. Three planes flew in front of it, reporting back on the weather over top of Japan, and two planes accompanied the Enola Gay. During this time, Japan was not armed with any air defence and so the 1 500 mile flight was uneventful.Though on the ground below them things were much more hectic. Japanese radar had detected the approaching planes that were flying in front of the Enola Gay. An air alert was sounded throughout the city, warning the people of the American planes. Sadly, at 8:00 AM, the air alert was stopped. Japanese officials had concluded that the number of American planes was small, not enough to pose a threat to Japan.It was only 15 minutes later that the bomb was dropped. "Little Boy" was 10 feet long, 28 inches in diameter and...

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