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Hispanic American Diversity Essay

1357 words - 5 pages

While it is true that in the United States Hispanics are grouped together as one race, there are many separate cultures. An immigrant from Brazil does not share the same heritage as one from Mexico. There are as many differences as there are similarities. The writer will illustrate this with four groups of Hispanics.Dominican-AmericansAs of the year 2000 there were 799,768 Dominicans (immigrants from the Dominican Republic) living in the United States. They account for less than three percent of the Hispanic population. A shrinking job market and political unrest led to immigration to the U.S. Nearly 600,000 settled in the New York City area, making up seven percent of the population. (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000). In fact, some areas of New York City are just like being in the Dominican Republic. People in the Dominican Republic are 16% white, 11% black, and 73% mixed. There is a strong African-American influence. As for religion, there is a strong Spanish influence as it is 95% Catholic with some Protestant, Voodoo and other religions making up the last five percent. The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish, therefore only seven percent of those in the United States use only English at home.While most Hispanics are likely to lean toward the Democratic Party, Dominicans in the U.S. pay more attention to politics in the Dominican Republic than in the United States. Their literacy rate is 83%, with those having at least a high school education at fifty one percent. Less than eleven percent have a bachelor's degree or higher. The poverty rate is 27.5%. The average Dominican household has four people and most households are family. Less than 16% are non-family households. Of the four groups of Hispanics, here Dominicans have the lowest median family income of $28, 729. Only 20% own their own homes, the rest rent. (U.S. Census, 2000). Baseball is a popular sport back in the Dominican Republic, carrying over to Major League Baseball in the United States. There has been an increase of players from the Dominican Republic in the last ten years. Dominicans are now the fourth largest group of Hispanics in the U.S. as well.Puerto Rican-AmericansPuerto Ricans have the distinction of being U.S. citizens. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States. Almost 99% of the population is native and both English and Spanish are spoken. Heavy population and insufficient jobs led to immigration to the mainland of the United States. Puerto Ricans are the second largest Hispanic group in the U.S. and most are found in urban areas, especially New York and New Jersey. They account for almost ten percent of the Hispanic population. (U.S. Census, 2000).Almost 25% speak only English at home and 79% are English dominant or bilingual. Roman Catholicism accounts for 85% of their religion. Other religions such as Protestantism account for 15%. The literacy rate is 94%. Those with a high school education or more are at 63% and those with a bachelor's degree or...

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