Hispanic American Diversity Essay

1473 words - 6 pages

America sees Hispanics as one group but in actuality it is many different groups of people that make up Hispanics. Some of the main groups of Hispanics are: Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and South and Central American. Where do these groups live in the United States? How does their political, social, and economic status differ? How are they alike?The larges group that makes up the Hispanic in the United States is the Mexican Americans. According to Richard T. Schaefer (2006) Mexican Americans in 2002 made up about 66.9 percent of the total Hispanic population. Mexican Americans once were known for living in areas formerly belonging to Mexico: California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas. In the late nineteenth century Mexican immigrants were coming to the United States in large numbers to work in the railroad and mining industries. With the economic development in these parts, do largely to the railroad, Mexican immigrants established colonies in places such as Kansas City and Chicago (2006). In 1963 the Mexican Americans for the first time moved into the political arena in Texas. Over the years voters have elected a number of governors that are Mexican American. To name a few; Jerry Apodaca and Bill Richardson in New Mexico, Raul Castro in Arizona, and Ken Salazar in Colorado. Mexican Americans tend to vote Democratic but have a very poor voter turnout (2006). According to the 2000 US census about 7.4 percent of the US population is made up of Mexican Americans and roughly 7 percent hold graduate or four year college degrees (2006). Many immigrants come to America mostly for better jobs and higher wages to help provide for their families both hear in the US and in Mexico. Today you can find Mexican Americans all across the US. Many Mexican Americans now own their own businesses form landscaping to large construction groups.The Second larges group of Hispanics is the Central and South Americans which makes up approximately 14.3 percent (2006). Their countries of origin include: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Belize, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Although the majority of Central and South Americans speak Spanish some speak other languages like Quiche, Kanjobal, and others. According to the 1990 Census there were over 2 million Central and South Americans living in the United States. The South Americas have been Immigration for over 200 years. One of the biggest waves of immigrants was during 1910 to 1930 do to the labor demands from World War II. But the largest wave of immigrants was after the 1965 Immigration Act. Between 1980 and 1990 almost 400,000 South American entered the United States due to the political instability and the rise of military dictatorships in South America. Like South Americans, Central American immigrates moved to the United States starting back in the 1800s. A large number of immigrates came to the west coast to work in the...

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