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Hispanic Culture Aztec And Modernism Of Barcelona 413 413

1715 words - 7 pages

SPAN 413 Exam Study Guide
1). Tenochtitlan
Explique como era la ciudad, su importancia, y como lo destruyo Cortes?
How was the City?
En la segunda carta de Hernando Cortés en 1520, un año después de su llegada, describe que la ciudad de Tenochtitlan estaba en México, en el lago salado y bajo el poder de Moctezuma II. La ciudad contiene 2 lagos frescos, que se conectaron y permitieron el comercio y los lugareños para andar en barcos y canoas a través de él. Tiene templos, muchas casas hermosas y magníficas para sus ídolos, que estaban adornadas con piedra y madera. Hubo 3 principales. La ciudad tenía muchas plazas públicas para comprar y vender oro, plata, animales y frutas y verduras.
· In Hernando Cortes second letter in 1520 a year after he arrived, he describes the city of Tenochtitlan was in Mexico, in salt lake, and under the power of Montezuma II. The city contains 2 fresh lakes, which were connected and made it possible to trade and locals to ride boats and canoes across it. It has temples, many fine and magnificent house for their idols, which were adorned with stone and wood. There were 3 main one. The city had many public squares for buying and selling gold, silver, animals, and fruit and vegetable.
Hay muchas razones por las cuales la ciudad era importante. Primero, era la capital del fuerte imperio, los aztecas. Fue construido en un lago y contenía cientos y miles de personas. Tenían su propia forma de organización social, comercio y organización política. En segundo lugar, la ciudad es una gran representación de la arquitectura azteca. Tercero, Cortés escribió sobre esto en su Segunda Carta al Rey Carlos de España describiendo su primer encuentro con la gente de Tenochtitlan. En cuarto lugar, su sistema de agricultura estaba muy avanzado.
· There are many reasons the city was important. First, it was the capital of the strong empire, Aztecs. It was built on a lake and contained hundreds and thousands of people. They had their own form of social organization, trade, and political organization. Second, the city is a great representation of Aztec architecture. Third, Cortes wrote about it in his Second Letter to King Charles of Spain describing his first encounter with the people of Tenochtitlan. Fourth, its system of agriculture was very advanced.
How did Cortes destroy it?
Sin embargo, Cortés destruyó la ciudad y el Imperio azteca destruyendo templos y matando a la gente. Reunió a los enemigos de los aztecas para usarlos como su ventaja, como el tlaxcalteca. Moctezuma juego Cortés regalos con la esperanza de que él dejaría la tierra y no atacar. Durante un festival en Tenochtitlan, los españoles atacaron asesinando nobles, sacerdotes y muchos más. Una noche, los españoles trataron de escapar de la ciudad pero los aztecas atacaron a cientos de españoles asesinados, esto se llamó Noche Triste. Volvió 5 meses después para descubrir que la gente estaba muriendo de enfermedad. Luego impidió que la comida y el agua llegaran a la...

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