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Hispanics In The United States Essay

1253 words - 6 pages

Hispanic population is steadily rising in the United States. As the second largest ethnic group in the United States, Hispanic Americans account for 14.4 % of the total United States or almost 47 million nationally. While some Hispanic Americans are improving socially and economically, others are slowly declining. They also struggle with social, political, and linguistic acceptance. There are concerns over rights and regulations of Hispanic immigrants. Some of these Hispanic Americans include Mexican Americans, Puerto Rican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Dominican Americans, amongst many others.Whether they are American born, legal immigrants, or illegal immigrants, Mexican Americans make ...view middle of the document...

Without a high school diploma or a college degree, many Mexican immigrants (or even American born Mexicans) resort to ?cheap labor? jobs such as farm laborers, factory workers, or service workers (i.e., food service, landscaping, janitorial, etc.). These situations can lead to economic hardships. According to the Surgeon General?s website, statistics show that 27% of Mexicans residing in the United States are living at or below the national poverty level, making an average family median income of $27, 883 annually. Considering 63% of Hispanic family households contain children under 18 years old, many Mexican Americans are suffering economic hardships due to insufficient income to care for their families! These hardships often lead to distress and a high rate of depression disorders and a growing number of suicide reports in the Mexican American community. Ironically, a large number of Mexican Americans are religious, with Catholicism being the predominant religion of choice.Figure 1 Mexican Flag Puerto Rican Americans make up about 9 to 10% of the Hispanic community in the United States. More Puerto Rican Americans statistically are high school and college graduates, with 64% and 11% graduating, respectively. Though more Puerto Ricans are finishing their education, the job market is not much easier. Economically, they face the same hardships as Mexican Americans. Surprisingly, even though Puerto Ricans earn a bit more annual income then Mexican Americans ($28, 953 average family median annual income), they also have a higher poverty rate then Mexican Americans. Statistics show that 31% of all Puerto Rican Americans are living at or below the national poverty level! Female Puerto Rican Americans seem to have the biggest economic struggle; they earn substantially less then Puerto Rican American men. This is alarming, considering that single Puerto Rican females head 39.3% of Puerto Rican households! An astonishing 61.3% of females in this group are said to be living below the national poverty level. Like Mexican Americans, many Puerto Ricans immigrated to the United States as unskilled laborers. Again, many take jobs working construction jobs, in restaurants, and in the janitorial field. Many Puerto Rican politicians feel that their community seems to be becoming ?invisible?; they seem to be more outspoken on this subject then any other Hispanic group. Congress members such as Luis Gutierrez (D-IL) and Nydia Velasquez (D-NY) have been trying to promote more community awareness by speaking at Hispanic conferences like the Encuentro Boricua Conference in New York. There is also a higher need for bilingual schooling, as Puerto Ricans had the highest percentage among U.S. Hispanics of ?linguistically isolated? households, which the Census Bureau defines as a household in everyone 14 years and older speaks English poorly or not very well.Figure 2 Puerto Rican Flag Cuban immigration into the...

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