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Historial Analysis: Industrial Revolution

856 words - 4 pages

The Industrial Revolution was a very productive time. Everything was changing, and arguably mostly for the worst. When most people talk about the Industrial Revolution they usually talk about the revolutionary inventions,the factory system that helped change the world and the creation of modern cities through urbanization. As great as these innovations were the Industrial Revolution was sadly a double edged sword. What these people are missing is the horrible effects these inventions had on the people of Britain during these times.

One of the opening events of the Industrial Revolution was the wave of new inventions. The new inventions were made with great intent and a promise for an easier future that would be free of excessive labor. New tools made most jobs at the time easier. For example, the seed drill invented in 1701 by Jethro Tull, and the spinning jenny created by James Hargreaves in 176 all took a farming or sewing job that would ordinarily take a human a long time, and doubled the pace which lessened the work load. The seed drill allowed for the quick planting of seeds while the spinning jenny allowed multiple things to be sewn at the same time. New tools such as these created many new jobs as they needed people to run and maintain the machines, creating a new field of work: operation and maintenance. However for all the good these wonderful inventions caused, there was much misfortune caught in their wake. Since these tools reduced the physical labor needed to do these tasks many people lost their jobs or in most cases their livelihood.

After losing their jobs or their farms, many farmers gained new employment in factories. These jobs were part of the new field of work that the Industrial Revolution created: operation and maintenance which promised a brand new economy which would be stronger than ever. The positive and negative aspects of this event were black and white during this time.The most positive about this for the former farmers was the fact that they were no longer dependent on good weather and crop yield to get paid, instead their pay was constant as long as they worked efficiently. The negative side of this was much more prominent. Workers in the factories suffered from horrible work conditions such as inhuman hours(16-18 hours a day in some cases) low pay($2 a day or pounds), and abusive bosses. The pay was dismal, however “luckily” (and very unluckily) there were children who could find work. These children were exposed to the same terrible conditions and often physically crippled by...

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