Historical Background Of Trade Unions In South Africa

2406 words - 10 pages

1.INTRODUCTIONThe development of the South African labor movement dates back to the industrialization and the discovery of gold and diamonds in the late 1800's. The South African trade union labour movement was also instrumental in campaigns to end Apartheid. This campaign was based on durable shop-floor structures organized through shop stewards committees. It is also important to understand that trade unions in South Africa were assisted by unions abroad especially those organizing workers in the same transnational corporations, such as the International Labour Organization (ILO).In this essay, I will be applying the Conflict theory of Karl Marx, thus we will begin by elaborating on the history of trade union movement in South Africa, the current trade unions in South Africa; the Congress of the South African Trade Unions, the South Democratic Teachers Union and the National of Mineworkers. Then lastly we will look at the legislation guiding trade unions movements presently.2. HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONS MOVEMENT IN SOUTH AFRICATrade unionism in South Africa grew in the 1880s and 1890; this is where craft unions emerged and also the discovery of gold and diamond in the Witwaterand and Kimberly area. Most of these workers were from Great Britain and Australia; this was because of the lack of training facilities for the type of artisan skills needed by the mining industries of that time. Thus South African trade unions remained in the hands of the immigrant. For example the Engineers Association from Britain which had branches in South Africa. There was also at this stage the racial occupational segregation in mining industries, where the established rates for skilled Whites on the diamond and gold field came to be regarded as the standard wage for all White workers, skilled or unskilled. Similarly, unskilled labor came to be paid highly compared to Black workers either skilled or unskilled. Such factors operating within the wage and job system already described above, also lent their influence to the structuring of labor organization and methods (Webster 1998).The engineering and typographical workers associations emerged in Cape Town and in Durban in the 1880s, which saw the establishment of the Transvaal Engine Drive's Association in the Rand area in 1894. Its objective was to convince the government to make it compulsory for all Engine Drivers to have Governmental certificate. It is also important to acknowledge the legislations passed in parliament by the White government. This includes the Industrial Conciliation Act of 1924, the Wage Act of 1925, the Mine and Workers Amendment Act of 1926. This led to the expansion of Trade Unionism in South Africa which saw the birth of a new African union's federation, and the Council of Non-European Trade Unions (CNETU), which by 1945 represented African workers in the commerce and industry. In 1950 the CNETU amalgamated with other unions to form the South African Congress of Trade Unions (Friedman...

Find Another Essay On Historical Background of Trade Unions in South Africa

The Development of Trade Unions in Britain

1580 words - 6 pages The Development of Trade Unions in Britain There are many different factors as to why trade unions developed so incredibly slowly in Britain. The problems started from the 1850s when New Model Unions were introduced. The ASE (Amalgamated Society of Engineers) had been formed in 1851 and had become the inspiration for other unions in similar areas of craftsmanship to be formed. Many people liked the idea of a union

Trade Unions in Botswana Essay

2129 words - 9 pages surrender would prevail”. The above case basically illustrate that not allowing individuals to participate in active politics there is no any fundamental rights of the workers that is violated and the same principle goes to trade unions(self-emphasis). This case further illustrates the undesirability of mixing politics with work ethics. “Historically in South Africa, trade unions’ function was primarily political as organized labour was

Investigation of Trade Unions

1887 words - 8 pages Investigation of Trade Unions Types of trade Union -------------------- A trade union is a group of workers who join together in order to protect their own interests and to be more powerful when negotiating with their employers. Each employee who wishes to join a trade union must pay an annual fee, which contributes towards the costs and expenses that the trade union incurs when it provides services to its

The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa

1620 words - 6 pages . (2011). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 28, 2011, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/29332/apartheid Bureau of African Affairs. (2011). Background Note: South Africa. Retrieved March 28, 2011, from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2898.html Charlesworth, M. (1982). Science, non-science & pseudo-science : Bacon, Popper, Lakatos, Kuhn and Feyerabend on defining science. Vic: Deakin University Press Darwin, C. (2011

The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa

715 words - 3 pages INTRODUCTION: The term apartheid (from the Afrikaans word for "apartness") was coined in the 1930s and used as a political slogan of the National Party in the early 1940s, but the policy itself extends back to the beginning of white settlement in South Africa in 1652. After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. The apartheid was a social and political

Transition of Gender Identities in South Africa

1292 words - 5 pages There has been much discussion about gender and the many different identities linked to it. Gender is the term used to describe the type of sex that a particular person identifies them self with. This sex can either be male or female. However, we live in a society with people having multiple identities. Therefore, I agree with the statement which states that gender identities are in transition in South Africa today. Many South Africans are

History of European Involvement in South Africa

765 words - 3 pages The Afrikaans language originates from the Dutch when they immigrated to South Africa, bringing along their own culture and beliefs. The Dutch took the black Africans as well as other Khoi San locals as their slaves and taught them the language of the Dutch and in return incorporated some of their cultural and language into their lifestyles. Over long periods of time several hundred years as new visitors arrived from all over the world their

History of Mission Schools in South Africa

1045 words - 5 pages NTRODUCTION Education and training in South Africa in the nineteenth century by voreë sendingsgenootskappe started . It is noticed that there was a shortage of teaching in Christian norms and values ​​among the blacks , coloreds and slaves, and therefore the mission schools hoofsaklik directed to these groups to educate people . Different mission schools established and the primary goal was to these people to the Christian faith brought to

Outbreak of Foodborne Illness in South Africa

837 words - 4 pages 1. Location: Limpopo (South Africa) 2. Diseases listed: Malaria, Foodborne illness, Cholera 3. Details of a foodborne illness (salmonellosis) outbreak in Limpopo The South African Independent Online news, in their issue of Tuesday 28 January 2014, reported an occurrence of diarrhoea outbreak few days earlier at a lodge (Mokopane) in Limpopo. The first release of information was done by the provincial diseases’ outbreak response team on 27

A Study of Cotton Trade and Trade in Africa

4583 words - 18 pages advantage in agricultural production. Examples of trade unions, trading blocks and cooperations in Africa are: ECOWAS ECOWAS stands for the Economic Community for West African States. It is a regional group of sixteen West African countries that was established in 1975 to promote economic integration in all fields of economic activity, in particular in the areas of industry, telecommunication, transport, energy, agriculture, commercial and

Historical background of nursury rhymes

957 words - 4 pages 1. Historical background of a nursery rhyme & why it has been lost: Jack and Jill Went up the Hill To Fetch a Pail of Water Jack Fell Down And Broke his Crown And Jill Came Tumbling After The origin of the Jack and Jill nursery rhyme is possibly from Scandinavia mythology. Jack and Jill were very mischievous and they went up the hill to steal a bucket of dew that Mani (the moon god) left there. The moon emerged from behind a cloud and asked

Similar Essays

Types Of Unemployment, Labour Relations, Trade Unions In South Africa And Other Concepts

1072 words - 5 pages work opposite each other and state has no interference. The problems faced by trade unions in South Africa are that the role of trade unions from its traditional role as compared to its role now in contemporary times most notably in post-Apartheid South Africa. Black labour unions in South Africa are of great value to policy makers who recognize that the industrial work force has often served as a catalyst for political progress and social

Historical Background Of Labor Unions And Leaders

2426 words - 10 pages . Historical Legal Status of Unions Trace the evolution of the legal status of American unions. What activities were restricted by laws and courts? Did constraints increase or decline with time? Early organized labor had no support from the government and was frequently eliminated by legislation and court decisions. The “conspiracy doctrine” of the late 1700’s determined most collective activities to be in violation of the public’s best interests

Impacts Of Trade Unions On The South African Economy

2400 words - 10 pages “Trade unions in South Africa play a significant role in the economy. Trade unions have been active in responding to the fiscal policies of government. Unions argue that their proposals for the budget will increase economic growth and support job creation. Criticism of trade union views on the budget has focused on the affordability of these proposals, and on their impacts on business growth. Will trade union alternatives on the budget support

The Economic Impact Of Policies Proposed By The Congress Of South African Trade Unions

2293 words - 9 pages conditions for all those employed and social security. (Congress Of South African Trade Unions, 2006) On February 24, 2014, the South African Minister of Finance, Pravin Gordhan delivered the 2014 Budget Speech, in which it is highlighted that South Africa’s economic growth is targeted at 5 percent per annum. It is further highlighted that the government’s plan to achieve this target is through public investment, a tax incentive to encourage