Historical Investigation Homer And The Trojan War

929 words - 4 pages

Historical Investigation Homer and the Trojan WarTroy was a city well-known to both history and legend, and situated in Turkey. It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in The Iliad, the epic poem attributed to Homer. A lot of people ask, was there really a war at Troy? "Most likely" is the answer most would say. Although many professional archaeologists believe that the war was just a story passed down many generations, today many people are convinced that The Sack of Troy actually occurred. The amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, using The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer as a guide discovered the ruins of the powerful city. There was also evidence that supported the theory of Mycenaeans being the people the sacked and destroyed Troy in the late Bronze Age.Homer, who is consider to be one of the greatest Greek poets of all time, gives us evidence that there really was a war involving Troy, through his epic poem The Iliad. The description of Troy he gave to us was that it had tall, sloping walls and large towers surrounding the city. These descriptions seemed to be true due to the archaeological finds at Hissarlik. In the poem, Homer also mentioned a "weaker" wall that was on the west end of the city, which was also found to be true. Archaeologists and Historians confirm that Homer wasn't alive during the Trojan War. In fact, many believe that Homer collected stories and poems that had been passed down from older generations to make his poem The Iliad. Homer also mentions that the city of Troy lies near a large bay of water as well as being located on top of a large hill. Archaeologists also confirm this description. Almost all of the descriptions Homer provided us with on Troy fit perfectly with the modern day findings. Homer writes about how the Achaeans were led by the king of Mycenae, Agamemnon. Homer's description of armour is very similar of the Mycenaeans body armour which supports evidence that the Mycenaeans sacked Troy.Archaeological evidence from the site of Hissarlik (layer 6 and 7) suggests there really was a war. These layers include the descriptions Homer gave about his explanation of Troy including the walls surrounding the city. The layers of the city mentioned were also destroyed by what is assumed to be either from a natural disaster, fire or war. Troy was also known as powerful and was an important city to the late Bronze Age, according to the evidence that was found. It approximately covers up to 75-76 acres. It is also located on in a popular trading location at the time. This shows that the city of Troy would be very important to capture, as...

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