A. Plan of Investigation (147)
To what extent were women's roles affected by the Rwandan Genocide?
The aim of this investigation is to determine with detailing, how women's roles and education were truly affected by the genocide. This investigation will more in depth. This investigation is worth studying because it helps to enlighten the reader as to what happened, to clear any biases. We can also see the consequences and learn from those mistakes. In order to research the topic more thoroughly, there will be more analysis of the topic in 3 scope areas; women in the community and household, women in society, and women in education in Rwanda. The types of research conducted in order to gain information on the topic, included scholarly journals, interviews with Rwandan genocide survivors, newspapers, etc. Rwanda: Shattered Lives and Women’s participation in the Rwandan genocide: mothers or monsters? will be analyzed to investigate the question.
B. Summary of Evidence (517)
1. Women in the Household/Community
• After the genocide, 70% of people were women and of that 50% were the head of households. Example: Elizabeth's husband was killed during the genocide and she was kidnapped and raped by the militia, after she escaped, she found herself supporting 8 children, with no form of shelter.
• Many times within a community, women took on children that did not belong to them, and they also took on roles of men; securing housing and devised income generating ideas. They were also the mainstay for food production.
• Women's voice within their communities and societies were also quite restricted.
• Women became the head of the households, community leaders, financial providers, etc., post-genocide. Also these women found themselves founding homes and shelters for some 500,000 orphans.3
• During and after the genocide in 1994, women mostly stuck to the tradition of maintaining the household, homemaking, child rearing, etc.4
2. Women in Society (Politics)
• Women were unable to acquire big opportunities outside of the community or household because of the government restrictions that carried over, post-genocide. They as a result were not represented in politics, since the maternal figure was still desired.5
• However, to some extent women in post-genocide played a somewhat bigger role in politics; women in the Ministry of Gender spearheaded reform to give the women right to inheritance.6
• The women stepped into the political sphere, taking on non-traditional social roles. Women who also gained rank in the RNP (Rwandan National Party), post-genocide were appointed to strategic positions in the transitional government.7
• Until/during there were no female prefects or mayors, however, while the men were mostly focused on as perpetrators of the genocide, there were high ranking women.8
• Agathe Kanziga and Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, the former first lady and the Ministry for
Family Welfare respectively played huge roles in the genocide. Kanziga...