Historieopgave. Estrup Og Forsvarssagen. Essay

1262 words - 5 pages

Historisk resume og kronologiFor at forstå Estrup og forsvarssagen, bliver man nød til at vide hvad der skete op til, og under provisorie-tiden.Når VI, os danskere ser tilbage på det nittende århunderede, danner vi os et tvetydigt billede. På den ene side har vi den såkaldte guldalder og på den anden side en af de mørkeste perioder i danmarks historien.Guldalderen med sine skagensmalere, Grundtvig, Ingemann, H.C. Andersen osv. Der er ingen grænser for vor begejstring af vores kultur i det nittende århundrede. Denne vidunderlige og inspirende tid står i lige så stærk kontrast til Danmarks fald fra storhed.I denne opgave vil jeg beskæftige mig selv med tiden fra 1875 til 1880.Kronologisk overisgt oversigt fra starten af 1800 til Estrup-tiden* 1801 - slaget på Rheden* 1807 - København bombes af England, - også kendt som det første terror-bombadement.* 1813 - Danmark går statsbankerot* 1814 - Danmark mister Norge til Sverige, - og har aldrig været mindre.* 1848 - første slevigske krig bryder ud.* 1849 - Danmarks Riges Grundlov* 1863 - Christian IX bliver konge* 1864 - Krig med Preussen og Østrig og afståelse af hertugdømmerne Slesvig og Holsten* 1866 - Danmarks gennemsete Grundlov* 1870 - Partiet Venstre stiftes* 1870 - 74 - Regeringen Holstein-Holsteinborg* 1874 - 75 - Regeringen Fonnesbech* 1875 - 94 - Estrup bliver konseilpræsident* 1877 - Første finanslovsprovisorium* 1878 - optræk til udenrigspolitisk krise* 1885 - 94 - ProvisorieåreneJacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup"Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup betød så meget i sin tid, at han har krav på en historik vurdering. Han stod i første række af dansk politik i over 30 og var minister i 11; hans gerningern og tanker satte sig spor." - Sigurd RamburchJacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup blev født 16. april 1825 og døde 24. december 1913. J. B. S. Estrup var søn af godsejeren og rigmanden Hector Estrup.Estrup var en af genrejserne efter nederlaget i 1864 hvor Danmark mistede 40 % af et land der i forvejen var stærkt svækket efter afsættelsen af Norge til Sverige i 1813.Estrup maxim var at aldrig igen skulle Danmark være forsvarsløst og militært svagt. Han holdte det politiske maxim i hævd til den dag han døde, og hans politik udspillede sig deraf.Estrup var ikke en hvilken som helst politiker der på grund af sin status som godsejer var født til indflydelse, nej Estrup var lavet af det stof som store mænd er lavet af, - på godt og ondt.Estrup så det som sin pligt at engarere sig i politik, han lod sig ikke, som så mange andre politikker hverve til et politisk liv på grund af magtens sødme.Estrup troede på sine idealerEstrup mente inderligt han kunne...

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