The study of globalization is a lengthy and complicated one. Referring to globalization in terms of Archaic, Proto, and Modern is not helpful because doing so contributes to the myth of globalization forged purely by dramatic new linkages by the Europeans in the face of a diminishing role of older connections. I will define each stage of globalization with regard to the current model, the onrush of each stage of globalization in terms of older patterns in both India and China, and finally how the British empire took advantage of these preexistent linkages to bring about Modern globalization in both India and China;all in hopes of dispelling the Eurocentrism present in the current explanation of Globalization.
In order to examine each stage globalization in terms of the other, one must first understand each stage in terms of its definitive characteristics. Archaic globalization is characterized by the networks of trade that arouse from sovereigns and local rulers sending out missions to acquire wealth and exotic goods.1 Proto Globalization promotes a complex pattern of multilateral trade through the trading of commodities on a globalized scale.Proto globalization also involves the growth of finance, services, and improved efficiency in the transactions sector.2Modern Globalization is the rise of industrialization and the modern nation state often expressed through imperialism.
The historiography of globalization should not be studied like most other historical events, through the system of chronology. When we study the chronology of events, including globalization we seamlessly move from one event to the next with the assumption that the prior is not continuing to operate and mold the latter.Within this myth of lack of interdependency the Eurocentric story seems to arise. Under the current model of globalization that is proposed, moving from stage to stage we see a decline in the role that previous linkages play, and the development of new linkages. Most of which, including the Colombian Exchange and imperialism, were under the guise of the Europeans. Yet, the history of globalization is quite the contrary. I will soon prove through the promotion of interdependency amongst each stage, the story of globalization being a purely European lead initiative is nothing but a widely believed myth. For the sole sake of consistency, I will continue with the use of the terms Archaic,Proto, and Modern globalization.
The rise of the British imperialism within India, an example of Modern globalization, was founded upon preexistent forms of both Archaic and Proto globalization. As a result of India being an already dominant sphere of trade of commodities, the British were able to take advantage of preexistent networks of Proto globalization. Thus Modern globalization did not forge new ideas but took advantage of already existent ones. In fact these Archaic and Proto globalized linkages have their origin in the first century. 3 Merchants would leave the Bay...