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History Essay

847 words - 3 pages

U.S History Test 2 Study GuideFrench and Indian War EffectsColonists were confident in their military strengthsBrits began to have conflict against the colonial troops due to them being so snobbySome colonies refused to assist the British during the war until William Pitt offered to reimburse them for all the money they spent on the war.American RevolutionProclamation of 1763- The law prohibited the colonists to move west of the Appalachian MountainsStamp Act-British placed taxes on all printed material in the colonies.Townshend Act-These laws taxed imported goods only and were placed at the port. Mostly basic items.Boston Massacre-a brawl that broke out between colonists and the British. The colonists taunted the soldiers and opened fire and killed 5 including Crispus Attucks. Propaganda was used to make the Brits look bad. Ex-Paul Revere engravingTea Act and Boston Tea Party- British government tried to save the British East India Tea Company by giving them a monopoly over tea sales in the colonies. It lowered the cost of the tea and was cheaper than what the colonist smuggled to the Dutch. Colonists boycotted and forced ship that carried tea to turn around in NYC and Philadelphia. SOL dumped the tea overboard dressed as Mohawk Indians but it was to far.Coercive/Intolerable Acts-Acts placed in response of the Boston tea party it closed the Boston harbor, banned town meeting, and even Quartering. Other colonies sent food and clothing to support. Colonial leaders had meetings in Philadelphia that formed the continental congress.Mercantilism-the belief that the colonies existed to benefit the mother county, which was England. Colonies were a source of raw materialsSons of Liberty-a group of members created by Samuel Adams that protested the Stamp Act and others as well.First and Second Continental Congress- the first congress only some delegates of the colonies represented and they weren't as one but in the second one all 13 colonies were represented in Philly and talked about responsibilities as one central government."No taxation without representation"-how colonist reacted with the Townshend acts which was what they yelledDeclaration of Independence-The fundamental document establishing the United States as a nation, adopted on July 4, 1776. The declaration was ordered and approved by the Continental Congress and written largely by Thomas Jefferson.Common Sense-a pamphlet Thomas Paine wrote that explained how breaking away from England was the right thingThe Crisis-another document that Thomas wrote that inspired, motivated the Patriots to keep on fightingMagna Carta-The idea that the government was not all powerful and was forced to sign by King JohnEnglish...

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