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History Essay

2303 words - 10 pages

The just exercise of political power is conceived of as resting upon constitutional principles. Constitutional principles are a position from which we operate justly. However, what constitutes as just? Throughout history political power derived from many historical foundations that were deemed just based on the society that upheld those principles. This notion is evident throughout the development of constitutional doctrines in Greek democracy, Aristotle’s political theory, Roman Republicanism, and English Constitutionalism.
Due to society, cultural diversity troubles the mode of governess. This is because at times there are circumstances where cultural ideologies oppress other cultures and limit the concept of a democratic nation. The constitution is a means to regulate societies, intervening cultural values and beliefs. With this in mind, constitutional principles unite societies regardless of cultural differences (Crick 29). In addition, since the dynamics of society suggest that the constitution evolves according to the changes in society, which is significant when ensuring that constitutional principles correspond to social conventions.
According to the Greeks, democracy is defined as Deme Kratia, which means Rule by the people. In 508 BC, Athenians established the first democratic constitutional. In fact: in order to vote one had to be 18, free, male and native born. Nevertheless, much of the foundation created by the Greeks is still in use today. Greek democracy is defined by five basic principles: consent, participation, rule of law, limited powers of government, and principle of equality. They are fundamental to the concept of democracy as we understand it. Consent is equated to the notion of freedom. It is the belief that your consent is your personal right. In addition, participation is when an individual personally participates in affairs like the assembly, or army. But, in indirect democracy (republic) an individual is elected to participate for you. Greek democracy is also characterized by the rule of law that states that citizens govern and administer the state, but do not rule the state because the law is above all. The rule of law is tempered by moral laws and grounded in natural law. Another fundamental principle is the Limited power of government; it establishes formal limits to possessing power. Additionally, the principle of equality consists of three parts: economic, social, and political. Economic equality is intended to avoid class distinctions among the people. Social equality is equal rights regardless of differences. Athenians did not practice social equality; instead, they indulged in the notion of upper class and lower class. Political equality is equal protection is of the laws. While social and economic equality do not stand as a foundation and lead to the legacy of democracy, political democracy is a legacy of modern democracy and one that is still being pursued today. Each of these five principles remains...

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