History is the study man past chronological recorded events. Since the beginning of the world a lot have happened politically, socially, historically and economically. In this paper we shall examine the western world historically. Specifically we will examine the period between 500 B.C and 1500 A.D. Examine the most significant person, event, movement or occurrence.
This period was the medieval period that was an era experienced in Europe during this time. The dark ages were also experienced during this time between 500 A.D and 900 A.D. This period starts in the fall of the Roman Empire which witnessed decay everywhere . The weight of poverty, insecurity and isolation was too great to permit the production of literary artistic and scholarly master pieces. There was little cultural creativity in Europe in the 1000A.D to the latter part of the middle ages when intellectual development began to flower during the renaissance which began in 1300 A.D. Renaissance was realized by reviving the ancient Greek and roman learning. This saw the transformation of Europe from medieval to modern world.
Scholars at this time felt that they needed to bring about the rebirth of civilization. There were achievements in both arts and sciences. There were also big concerns in religious matters; in short this movement was not religious and worldly to the extent that serious debates and question of faith and salvation took place. Eventually it led to reformation movement which split the Christian church down in the middle .
Renaissance began in Italy and as time went by it spread to France, Germany, England and Low Countries. The movement hardly touched the Scandinavian, Portugal and Spain. The question at this point and time was what was explains the remarkable productivity of scholars, writers, scriptures and painters during the renaissance.
Renaissance was influenced by several factors such as the byzantine civilization (Constantinople). This civilization was a mixture of Greek, roman, Christian and Middle East influence. Emperors at this time collected classical works on science math, philosophy, and law and stored them in libraries.
Secondly, we have the revival of interest in classical studies in the cathedral and monastic schools. This led to growth of critical and skeptical attitude as seen in various philosophies. There was also the revival of the study of the Roman law which gave impetus to the growth of secular interest . There was expansion of intellectual interest which was made possible by the rise of universities. Growth of naturalism in literature, arts and spirit of scientific inquiry
Crusades by Muslims weakened feudalism and the office of the pope purposely and allow Italian cities to dominate the Mediterranean trade. Moreover the political and economic situation In Italy provided a fertile ground for renaissance. Italian city states experimented on a wide of ideas such as art of governance. Traders from Florence, Venice, Genoa and Pisa prospered in...