A Bengali mystic and artist, Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet, philosopher, music composer and a leader of Brahma Samaj who became a prominent voice of the Indian heritage. Best known for his poems and short stories, essays, novels articles etc., Tagore largely contributed to the Bengali literature in the late 19th and early 20th century and created his masterpieces such as Ghare- Baire, Yogayog, Sandhya Sangeet, Naibedya, Gitanjali and Gitimalya. As a Bengali polymath, he redesigned his region’s literature and music and became the first Non- European to win the Nobel Prize for literature for “Gitanjali” the book of poems.
As a humanist, Universalist, internationalist and strident anti-nationalist, he condemned the British Rule and advocated independence from Britain. He wrote articles, songs and poems electrifying the independence movement, though he never participated in it directly.
He was the only person to have written the national anthems of two countries. Two famous songs composed by him Amar Sonar Bangla and Jana Gana Mana became national anthem of Bengladesh and India respectively after their independence. Aside from this, the greatest legacy of the poet to his country is the world renowned institution known as ‘Vishwa-Bharti University’.
Life History of Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore Asia’s first Noble Laureate was born on 7 May, 1861 at Jorasanko in the heart of Calcutta. His family was famous for its progressive socio-religious and cultural innovations during 19th Bengal Renaissance. He was the fourteenth and youngest son of Maharishi Debendranath Tagore and Sarda Devi and grandson of Dwarkanath Tagore. His grandfather Dwarkanath was a religious and social reformer and worked unceasingly for the upliftment of the masses, in the field of religion, culture and social reforms through the Brahmo Samaj. His father was a thinker and philosopher and after the death of his father, he carried forward the mission of Brahmo Samaj with full devotion and ability. Within joint family, Rabindranath’s thirteen brothers and sisters were mathematicians, journalists, novelists, musicians and artists. His cousins, who shared the family mansion were also leaders in theatre, science and a new art movement. The social cultural richness of his family and his father fascination for Upanishads, his strong adherence to the fundamentals of Indian thought and culture played a significant role in the formation of his educational priorities. He developed an early love for literature and started to read biographies, poems, history, Sanskrit and several others by the age of 12. He received his early education at home by private tutor. By nature he loved beauty, music and poetry. He also studied the classical poetry of kalidas, the father of poetry in India.
Rabindranath Tagore did not go through the usual academic grind i.e., he did not have regular schooling. He was sent to several schools in Calcutta but it was of no use. He did not care...