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History And Culture Of The People’s Republic Of China

1579 words - 6 pages

The People’s Republic of China is a country with one of the richest cultural backgrounds and the largest population in the world with 1,338,612,968 people. It holds “1/5 of the world’s population” (Banister 2). Located in eastern Asia, it is the fourth largest country with a total area of 9,596,960 sq km and the second largest electricity consumer and exporter after the U.S. The vast amount of natural resources make China one of the leading manufacturers of the worlds products from raw materials such as steel and iron to finished goods as toys, various machinery, textiles and electronics. I choose the People’s Republic of China because I have always been intrigued with the history and culture of the Chinese people. China is incessantly changing and has experienced more changes in the last 50 years than any other Asian country. The one factor that has affected population growth is the 1979 one child policy implanted by Deng Xiaoping. It is said to be the largest population control effort in history (Lang). The policy is said to have avoided “250 million live births” (BBC NEWS) and has since then been able to keep the Chinese population under control. Regarding culture, the use of chopsticks is a commonly known main cultural trait of Chinese people. They are also known to be very virtuous, highly respectful to eachother and a disciplined set of people. Chinese culture operates on the teachings of Confucius who stresses the importance of family, humaneness, sincerity and public mortality. In the 1980’s, China underwent rapid economic growth and now most of its economic activities are in the primary and secondary sector such as the mining and construction. With its vast population (which helps provide cheap labour) China has been able to not only become a leading manufacturing stronghold (providing numerous opportunities) but a focal point for Asian/Pacific business activities and foreign investors.
China has the largest population in the world growing at 0.6% per year with a total fertility rate of 1.79 children per women. The current population is more than the total population of Canada doubled and 1/3 of the total population of the world’s developing countries stay in China. Almost all of China (91.5%) is made up Han Chinese, which is the oldest and major ethnic group in China and has been dominant in China since the founding of the Chinese Empire. The remaining 8.5% are made up of minor ethnic groups (such as Tibetan and Manchu) and other nationalities. China has eight major languages, with only two known worldwide: Standard Chinese and Yue otherwise known as Mandarin and Cantonese and several other minority languages. It is important to note that China is NOT a religious country and is officially atheist, though Taoism & Buddhism is practiced and is seen as the major the religion of most of the population. While the remaining 6% population, are either Christian or Muslim with the latter being the minority. Due to the one-child policy and...

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