During these years, global organic product sale are approximately 20 billion dollars a year and with a roughly 20% annually increase in North American and European markets (Raynolds 725). The organic food becomes popular and more and more people start to pay attention to organic products. The aim of this paper is to give customers some suggestions when they decide to purchase the organic food and to inform these customers some basic knowledge of organic food and the organic techniques. This paper tries to present some comparisons between controversial and organic food in terms of the farming, techniques, microbial aspects and so forth. In addition, it will also indicate public and industry opinion, common concerns and customers’ preference so far. After our investigation, we find out that organic food has less pesticide residue and some organic food contain more nutritional value. However, there is a higher risk of microbiological contamination. Some nutritional value in certain food is almost the same as that in inorganic food, such as strawberries. Besides, there are some reasons that obstruct customers’ buying it, such as the high prices. Thus, by presenting these information, the customers can make better understand on organic food and thus help them develop a more health diet.
Organic food must be free of artificial food additives and processed with fewer artificial methods, material, conditions, such as chemical ripening, food irradiation, and genetically modified ingredients. Pesticides are allowed as long as they are not synthetic. The method they should use need to help foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity.
At the ancient time, the method the farm used and the food they produce was organic. Afterwards, at 20th century, a large supply of new chemical introduce to the food industry. Until 1940s, the organic farming movement arose, which is in response to industrialization of agriculture: Green Revolution. It involved the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains, expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management techniques, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers. Afterwards, till 1939, a person called Lord Northbourne firstly put the term “organic farming” in his book “look to the land” and in order to describe a holistic, ecologically balanced approach to farming, which in contrast to what he called chemical farming that relied on “imported fertility”.
Regulation and labeling
In the United States, the National Organic Program (NOP) is the federal regulatory framework governing organic food. It is also the name of the organization in the Department of Agriculture (USDA) responsible for administering and enforcing the regulatory framework. NOP regulations cover in detail all aspects of food production, processing, delivery and retail sale. Another department is The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)...