When I started my humanistic studies in high school, I clearly remember the very first sentence that we students were supposed to translate from Latin to Italian language. The sentence was a very simple quote taken from one of Cicero's most popular dialogues entitled 'De Oratore' ('On the Orator').
The phrase was: 'Historia magistra vitae (est)' which means 'History (is) teacher of life'.
This short but effective sentence lasted in my mind whenever I had to focus on the study of history and I truly believe that is the key which allow us to understand what really history is.
From our childhood to our adult age we need good teachers that give us an appropriate education, that shape our ...view middle of the document...
Historical memory let the European countries unite and form a big union of states different in cultural and economic background in order to maintain a status of peace and unity. For the very first time in history, we were able to prevent for more than 60 years the break of any war in Europe. How could we do that if not thanks to the teaching we learnt from history?
If nowadays the majority of the world condemns the horrible actions conducted by totalitarian regimes during the XXI centuries, if we reject the atrocities of colonialism and all the other terrible acts conducted throughout the centuries it is just thanks to the historical memory which testifies all of those facts.
However, as many scholars did, one may claim that what I wrote about history may not be accurate since, even if we nowadays have the biggest historical records, we are still surrounded by wars and cruel regimes where human rights and freedom are yet violated. They see history as a natural cycle where human actions are constantly repeated; a country will develop until will reach a sense of constant peace and then switch that sense of piece into idleness then this...