History And Laws Behind The Federal Food And Drug Act Of 1906

2048 words - 8 pages

History and Laws behind the Federal Food and Drug Act of 1906


As one of the primary federal consumer-protection laws in existence today, The Federal Food and Drug Act of 1906 was a law that had two primary goals for food and drugs: (a) forbid harmful ingredients and additions and (b) demand labeling of ingredients to inform consumers. According to Janssen (1981), it was hoped that the enactment of this law would eliminate adulterations and poisons sometimes found in foods, sometimes in drugs and often in both. The foundation of food and drug protection came from the development of scientific methods of analysis by the Federal Bureau of Chemistry, which we know today as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Janssen).
Brief History of the Legislation
The regulations of the FDA which we know today were born from a grass roots effort in the 1870’s, the Pure Food Movement. Originally, it focused on trade interests because of competition from “replacement” food products (glucose for sugar, “lard” from cottonseed oil, oleomargarine for butter, etc.) and the intolerable differences in existing state laws to which manufacturers had to comply (Janssen, 1981). As industrialization created a demand to provide the rapidly increasing localized populations with food from distant areas, a “buyer beware” era emerged. From the use of chemical preservatives and toxic colors to the development of “patent medicines” which contained opium, morphine, heroin and cocaine; all were sold without restriction and labels did not list ingredients. The effort to enact a federal law was led by Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, head of the Bureau of Chemistry in the Department of Agriculture. Through his own research with human volunteers to determine the effects of food preservatives on digestion and health, dubbed the “Poison Squad,” Wiley enlisted the support of the American Medical Association, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs and other consumer groups (Janssen). Meanwhile, his staunchest opposition came from the largest advertisers in the country; distillers and patent medicine firms.
“But the tide was turned, according to historians and Dr. Wiley himself, when the voteless, but militant club of women throughout the country who rallied to the pure food cause” Janssen, 1981, ¶ 12). Undoubtedly, these women supported Dr. Wiley because he had become a popular speaker at their supper clubs where crusading writers of national magazines also joined his campaign by publishing his findings as editorials. Ultimately, legislation closely followed the January 1906 publishing of Upton Sinclair’s best-selling novel...

Find Another Essay On History and Laws behind the Federal Food and Drug Act of 1906

Drug Abuse and The Theories Behind Addiction

1099 words - 5 pages drug abuse and the theories behind addiction are varied. There is no concrete reason for one person who drinks to become alcohol dependent versus the person who does not. Several factors contribute to why a person begins drinking and why they continue to do so despite reasons to stop. The case history exhibits a client with many risk factors associated with alcohol use and dependence.

The Differences in the Federal and State Employment Laws

1123 words - 4 pages protected by whichever labor law gives them the most protection whether it is a Federal or State law, except in a case where the Supremacy clause of the Constitution preempts the State law. An example of this is the Employers Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), that covers benefits and retirement plans (U.S. Department of Labor, 2006). While federal and state governments operate under the same laws on many things, there are some state laws that

The Food and Drug Administration Program and Food Additives

1379 words - 6 pages The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 was passed not long after the accidental deaths of 100 people who consumed an untested version of a popular drug. It turned out that an additive in the drug was responsible for the poisoning of the 100 individuals. This new law was developed in the interest of the consumer and focused on ensuring that people knew exactly what was in the products they purchased, and that the ingredients were safe

History of the ACT and SAT

2388 words - 10 pages In the mid 1900s, the ACT and SAT became a college admission device in America that would carry on to the present day. For high school students, junior year becomes a maelstrom of chaos in taking advanced courses and preparing to take college entrance examinations. In all, it is extremely time consuming, as over 1.6 million juniors prepare for the ACT around the United States and nearly 7 million individuals around the world prepare for the SAT

Summary of the Federal Reserve's history and policy procedures

838 words - 3 pages finally led Fed to abandon its focus on money market condition.Ć Targeting Monetary Aggregates: The 1970sIn 1970, the Fed stated that it was committing itself to the use of monetary aggregates as intermediate targets. In fact, the Fed was actually using the federal fund rate as its operating target, which, if income continued to rise unexpectedly, would make money growth overshoot again, and vis versa. As a result, using the federal

Drug Laws of The Netherlands

1313 words - 5 pages IntroductionThe Netherlands is one of the most highly developed countries in the world. It is an international, well-integrated country with policies that are among the world's most liberal. In fact, The Netherlands has perhaps the most liberal view on drug use than any other country and has even gone to the extreme of extraordinarily relaxing its laws regarding 'soft' drugs.However, a common misconception about drugs in the Netherlands is that

Drug Laws of the Netherlands

1338 words - 5 pages -Drug Laws of The Netherlands – Is a Permissive Legal System Better than a Restrictive One in the Case of Drugs? Introduction The Netherlands is one of the most highly developed countries in the world. It is an international, well-integrated country with policies that are among the world’s most liberal. In fact, The Netherlands has perhaps the most liberal view on drug use than any other country and has even gone to the extreme of

The 1906 San Francisco Fire and Earthquake

1717 words - 7 pages "Just after 5 A.M. on April 18, 1906, an earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale ripped through sleeping San Francisco toppling buildings, exploding gas mains, and trapping thousands of citizens beneath tons of stone, broken wood, and twisted metal. Herds of cattle stampeded madly through the streets. The air reverberated with the panicked screams of the doomed and dying." (Kurzman)To some, the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire was

Abortion: Unconstitutional State and Federal Laws

933 words - 4 pages unconstitutional because the laws prohibits women from making their own decision whether or not to have an abortion performed. Women should have the right to an abortion with out any regulations by the state and federal governments because they may not be able to financial support the child or it may been an unwanted pregnancy. Women have always been minorities throughout the entire US history and have always been put down by men simply because they are

Drug testing in schools. The issue of drug testing in public schools. The postion is for drug testing and gives reasons and quotas from laws

1354 words - 5 pages DRUG TESTING IN SCHOOLSThe issue of drug testing in public schools has become the most debated issue in the United States. This issue raises questions regarding the protection of the students' civil liberties and the moral obligations the schools have to parents, students and society. Schools are under pressure to do something about the drug use in the schools by the students. The school administrators are being forced to deal with both alcohol

The US Food and Drug Administration and Its Importance

1364 words - 6 pages standards in the food and drug industries. Although many tasks done by the FDA go unnoticed by the average citizen, an absence of the FDA would most definitely not go unnoticed. However the importance of the FDA today is just as important as to how it got initiated. Wallace F. Jansseen, an FDA historian, in his article “The Story of the Laws Behind the Labels” writes about the initiation of the agencies that later developed into the FDA. Jansseen

Similar Essays

The Pure Food And Drug Act Of 1906

1732 words - 7 pages In 1906, the Pure Food and Drug Act, that was years in the making was finally passed under President Roosevelt. This law reflected a sea change in medicine-- an unprecedented wave of regulations. No longer could drug companies have a secret formula and hide potentially toxic substances such as heroin under their patent. The law required drug companies to specify the ingredients of medications on the label. It also regulated the purity and dosage

Progessives And The Pure Food And Drug Act

1077 words - 5 pages that was a prime example of the progressive era, was the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. This law came about due to muckraking, and also because of public and political interests. Muckraking, such as Upton Sinclair’s piece, “The Jungle”, helped in the timing of the adoption of this legislature. This piece of legislature, allowed for the regulation of processed food items in United States food markets. The Pure Food and Drug Act was assigned to

The Horrific Truth Behind The Food And Drug Administration Fast Track

1435 words - 6 pages Approval Process The Food and Drug Administration is a government agency responsible for the investigation, evaluation, allocation, and lastly the supervising of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, radiation equipment, and other health related products that the public relies on daily for health and medical necessity. Being the highly innovative and productive society that America is, it goes without saying that consumers are busier than

Drug Laws And Liberalization Essay

1363 words - 6 pages as well as the cost of the forgone tax revenue, the total cost of our war on drugs could be as much as $100 billion dollars annually. In light of all the challenges that the U.S faces, is this really the best allocation of our resources? Despite many years of little to no progress on the advancement of drug laws the U.S. may finally be moving in the right direction. Two bipartisan bills, The Smarter Sentencing Act and the Recidivism Reduction and