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History And The Roman Catholic Church

3239 words - 13 pages

History and Christianity
Christianity most specifically, the Holy Roman Catholic Church has been involved in the world throughout time. Since Christianity, when if first became a major religion in society the involvement of the Roman Catholic Church has affected many areas of history. The Roman Catholic Church has affected the world historically, as demonstrated by it's impact upon the historical figures like Hypatia, Joan of Arc, and Jan Hus, historical events such as the Salem Witch Trials, and many other eras and events. The Roman Catholic Church slowed down scientific advancement during the Middle Ages when they had the greatest control over society, due to their personal beliefs. Finally, the Roman Catholic Church for a time changed the world ethically for women and homosexuals, although this is not inclusive. Without the extreme control the Roman Catholic Church had, the world would be a completely different place to live in. To prove this, topics such as the effect the Roman Catholic Church has had throughout history, how science has been affected by the Roman Catholic Church, and how the Roman Catholic Church has affected society ethically to a small and temporary degree.
During the 4th century in Alexandria, Egypt, there was a woman by the name of Hypatia of Alexandria. Hypatia taught the philosophy of Neoplatonism- which was the philosophy laid out by Plato in the 3ed century- mathematics, and astronomy, and was one of few women to be considered a true scholar. She taught students and political figures, and was rumored to have written the theory of the original geocentric model of the Earth, along with other commentaries that were lost. Due to Hypatia's scholarly status in the city of Alexandria, and because she would go out into the city and teach citizens about philosophy she was treated with the utmost respect from the citizens of the city.
Hypatia's tale starts with a group of Jewish extremists had massacred a group of Christians on the streets of Alexandria without provocation. Cyril, who was leader of the religious body in Alexandria, the Coptic Orthodox Church. Cyril expelled all of the Jews from Alexandria, via force, though it is possible he also had them killed, Cyril was known for his cruelty to various religious sects.
Orestes, who was head of the civil government in Alexandria and was a known Christian, did not wish to cede power to Cyril's church, and possibly by extension to Roman Catholic Church. For this he fell at odds with Cyril because he did not want him to wind up being in control of Alexandria, or else Cyril would have started expelling the city of other religious sects that he felt would not have belonged.
Cyril, in retaliation to Orestes not ceding to his Church or attempting reconcile, had attempted to send his Coptic monks to assassinate Orestes, which had failed. So instead, Cyril turned to Hypatia who was a close confident to Orestes and whom Orestes greatly admired. She would be significantly less...

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