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History, Basic Teachings, Writings, Symbols, And Practices Of Judaism: Determine The Historical Development Of Judaism Describe The Major Tenets Of Judaism

2250 words - 9 pages

By reading the text, please answer the following questions. This assignment is due in Workshop Two.:Question: What are the three main literary forms of the Hebrew scripture? What is their main focus?Response:The three main literary forms of the Hebrew scripture include the Torah, the Prophets and the Writings. Together their main focus is "the creation of the world by a supreme deity, or God, and progresses through the patriarchs, matriarchs, and Moses who spoke with God and led the people according to God's commandments, and the prophets who heard God's warnings to those who strayed from the commandments". (Living Religions, Fifth Edition,pg 231).Question: What is the main collection of Rabbinic Judaism? What is the origin and the role of the synagogue in this tradition?Response:The main collection originated in the work of the Pharisaic rabbis, it was based on the legal and commutative literature in the Talmud, and it set up a mode of worship and a life discipline that were to be practiced by Jews worldwide. Rabbinic Judaism used the Hebrew Bible as a foundation document, but from it they have developed in their own ways. The rabbis were teachers, religious decision-makers, and creators of liturgical prayer. The Synagogue was the main public institution of Judaism, thought to have begun during the Babylonian captivity in the 6th century BCE. After the Jerusalem Temple had been destroyed, in 587 BCE, early synagogues were necessary for the exiles to carry on religious activities. (http://www.religion-encyclopedia.com/S/synagogue.htm ) The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community centre as well.Question: What are the differences between the God of Abraham and the gods of the surrounding cultures?Response: The God of Abraham is considered to be "creator of all surroundings" the one and only God. This is considered to be the beginning of monotheism. The surrounding cultures believed in polytheism (many Gods) and believed that many gods were responsible for the creation of heaven and earth.Question: Why is history important to Judaism?Response: History is important to Judaism because, "Judaism is the religion and culture of the Jewish people and one of the earliest recorded monotheistic faiths. The tenets and history of Judaism constitute historical foundations of many other religions, including Christianity and Islam". ( http://www.important.ca/jewish_judaism_religion.html )Question: What is the significance and importance of suffering and punishment in Judaism?Response: "Judaism teaches that God chose the Jews for certain roles and responsibilities within a cosmic plan. While God loves and is responsive to pleas from his "chosen people", God's actions conform to this timeless scheme for the world. Inevitably, some human suffering will occur and must be accepted for the sake of others or the community as a whole or in congruence with God's eternal plan. The parable of Moses on Mount...

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