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History Essay

723 words - 3 pages

A terrorist group is a political or religious movement that uses terror as a weapon to achieve its goals. A freedom fighting group is people who take part in a revolutionary struggle to achieve a political goal. Whilst some people argue that Abu Sayyaf is a terrorist organization in line of the fact that they have used forms of terror in their pursuit to create an Islamic nation in the Philippines, others are of the opinion that it is a freedom fighting group due to the fact that they take part in a revolutionary struggle in the hopes of creating an Islamic nation in the Philippines. Therefore, in order to come to a measured conclusion about how far Abu Sayyaf are considered to be a terrorist group, or a freedom fighting group, one must take into account a number of factors which include what they have done and what are their reasons for doing these things.
The Abu Sayyaf group was established in 1991 on Basilan Island by Abdurajik abubakar Janjalani and other mujahedeen Moro National Liberation Front members. They have been linked with other terrorist organisations which include Jemaah Islamiyah and Al Qaeda, the latter having possibly funded and trained Abu Sayyaf soldiers. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the Moro National Liberation front were also said to have provided support for the Abu Sayyaf during its inception. The Muslim separatist group have been classified by the United States Department of State as being a terrorist group because of their inhumane use of terror in what they and their people call their quest for an Iranian-Style Islamic theocracy in the southern Philippines. Even its early days there were signs of the indifference between whether Abu Sayyaf were starting a terrorism operation and whether they were starting a freedom fighting campaign.
The Abu Sayyaf’s first attack occurred in April 1995 in the city of Ipil in Mindanao where they were led by Janjalani. 3 years after the group’s first attack, Abdurajik Abubakar Janjalani was killed in a gun battle. He was succeeded as the leader of Abu Sayyaf by his brother, Khadaffy Janjalani, who led them into a different era, the...

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