The industrial revolution; when the rapid growth of cities, work forces and decline of income lead to the premature and cruel hiring of children to complete dangerous jobs in the work places rather than adults, who cost more, children work longer and are easily intimidated making them prone to more "character building" abuse.
'The streets, unpaved and without drains. Sewerage worn deep into ruts and holes in which water constantly stagnates and is so covered with excrement and refuse as to be impassable from the depths of mud and intolerable stench' says a doctor observing the city of Manchester after the city size drastically increased. This sudden population growth the 19th
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Under the factory act of 1833 banned any child under 9 from working and limiting the maximum to 9 hrs a day with 2 hours of school and 4 officers to enforce this , though this did not mean that it all stopped. 'My lord, in the case of Taylor Ibbotson and co. I took the evidence from the mouths of the boys themselves. They stated to me they commenced working on friday morning, The 27th of May last, at 6 AM, and that with the exception of meal hours and one hour at midnight extract, they did not cease working till 4 o'clock on Saturday evening, having been 2 days and a night engaged. Believing this case scarcely possible, I asked every boy the same questions,and received the same answers . I then went into the house to have a look at the time book, and in the presence in one of the masters, referred to the cruelty of the case, and started that I should certainly punish them with all the severity of my power.'
Mr Rayner, witness Surgeon of Bastille.
This is just one of the many accounts. This shows the way in which the laws were made and yet empolders still made the decision to disobey and continuously break the law. This is also evidence of the long hours and harsh environments children were exposed to and many people in the government argued against the laws be put in place and said that the labour was 'character building' even though presented with the injuries put forward but the opposing council.
As a child your bones are soft an playable from birth to age of 13/14 meaning they are easily bent and manipulated, constant strain may lead to bones forming improperly, with the constant standing and crawling the bones of the children working in factories and mines would experience problems with joints such as arthritis later in life brought on by the factory work. 'knocked knees' a common occurring during the revolution which was part of the constant standing which the knees would collapse onto one another due to weakness in the ligaments and...