History India Essay

1477 words - 6 pages

Country BackgroundGeneralIndia is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a variety and rich cultural heritage. It is the second-most populous city with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it covers an area of 3 million sq. km, extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south.http://india.gov.in/india-glance/profileHistoricalThe Mughal EmpireMughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century, it swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire which covered modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. After which it continued to exist as considerably reduced and increasingly powerless entity until the mid-19th century.The Mughal dynasty was notable for its more than 2 centuries of effective rule over much of India, for the ability of its rulers, who through 7 generations maintained a record of unusual talent, and for its administrative organization. A further distinction was the attempt of the Mughals, who were Muslim, to integrate Hindus and Muslim, into a united Indian state.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/396125/Mughal-dynastyBritish East India Company - Company rule in IndiaThe East India Company, originally chartered as the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies, and more properly called the Honorable East India Company, was an English, and later British joint-stock company (incorporated by royal charter on December 30, 1600), formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India. The legal status of it was as agent of the Mughal Emperor with taxation powers and trading privileges.Starting as a monopolistic trading body, the company became involved in politics and acted as an agent of British imperialism in India from the early 18th century to the mid-19th century.In addition, the activities of the company in China in the 19th century served as a catalyst for the expansion of British influence there. Beginning in the early 19th century, the company financed the tea trade with illegal opium exports to China. Chinese opposition to this trade precipitated the first Opium War (1839-42), which resulted in a Chinese defeat and the expansion of British trading privileges; a second conflict, often called the Arrow War (1856-60), brought increased trading rights for Europeans.The Indian Rebellion of 1857 resulted in widespread devastation in India: many condemned the East India Company for permitting the events to occur. In 1858, the East India Company was dissolved, and the administration of India became the responsibility of Britain.https://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/British/EAco.htmlFirst war of Independence India / Indian Rebellion of NationalityThe First War of Indian Independence was a...

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