Scope 1.This area of knowledge is a bout study of the past . 2, Knowledge of history may help to decipher hieroglyphs , inscriptions , make out the origin and the meaning of a finding and even find something valuable . 3. This area of knowledge studies something that has built the present in all spheres of life of a society and determines the future of a country , a civilazation , a nation to a bigger extent . As George Orwell remarkably noted : "He who controls the past controls the future " 4. What is the ethnical origin of rus people ? Of which ancestry is Rurik ? Did Gosromysl exist ? Did Budda exist ? 5. It is argued that historicans and acrheologists should not unseal tombs and coffins .
Concepts 1. Language plays the key role as a historical source of information , concerning historical documents and testimonies of eyewitnesses 2. Key terms in history : historical method , historical sources of information , reign , king , queen , form of government , laws , war , social and economic formation 3. History : Gossip well told ( Elbett Hubbard ) 4. History is merely conventional . Nowadays much revisionism takes place . new methods for historic research are being invented .
Methodology (1.) to prove that an event , or something else existed , historians use several methods : 1. analysis of historic texts ( documents , diaries , etc ) 2. eyewitness testimony 3. oral tradition 4. appeal to common sense 5. examination of anything left as a material ( architecture , sculpture , objects , artifacts and items ) by lingustic ( deciphering ) and scientific methods 6. indirect witness
( 2)If all sources agree on a subject , it is thought to be prooved Majority does not rule ; the version will not prevail...