History Of Aircraft Essay

2224 words - 9 pages

Throughout the history of flight aircraft has seen many changing faces. From pictures and sketches of models to the Boeing 747s that takes over airports today, aircrafts are constantly changing. Once the Wright Brothers took off from Kitty Hawk, drawings became a reality, allowing man and machine to combine and changing how people thought about travel. The future of aircraft has the capabilities of breaking larger barriers of speed, power, and vertical lift.Before the 19th century there were many conceptual ideas, and drawings that are resemblances of the basic aircraft for flight. There were many attempts and rare successes of seconds of flights that individuals raised eyebrows too. A few men in particular were able to design and publish data that was crucial to future successes. The findings of Penaud, Mauillard, Lilienthal, Montgomery, and Chanute compiled propeller driven-driven designs, aero designs, successful hand glider flights, published lift and drag data, and patented wing warping. Overtime, Chanute became the brothers' mentor in their earlier experimental stages. However, the Wright Brothers were the first to have a planned development program that led to controlled flight. Kitty Hawk was selected as the test site due to its combination of remoteness and dunes used to launch glider flights, along with sea winds to create a natural wind tunnel. The first test was conducted on October 6 1900. After numerous attempts and failures, accumulated with various versions of aircraft, on October 10th 1902 a controllable airplane finally took flight. During this month over 400 controlled flights were documented and photographed. A key piece that the Wright Brothers' began testing and gathering data from, was a wind tunnel that gave them lift and drag data. Their next step in the process was to build an engine to power the aircraft.The first run with the engine operating in the aircraft was on February 12, 1903. By September of 1903 it was time to assemble and construct the actual sized aircraft that would be tested in Kitty Hawk. It was on December 17th 1903, that Orville and Wilbur Wright took flight with a manned airplane operated by an engine that flew 100 feet into the wind lasting twelve seconds. Additional flights were done the same day and produced distances of 100, 175, and 852 feet all into the wind. The entire aircraft development program was estimated to cost the Wright Brothers' $5,000 in 1900 money. It was then that the Wright Brothers telegraphed their family to let them know of their accomplishments. This is the most noted of flight experiments conducted by aeronautic engineers because it established a controlled flight taken by an aircraft manned and operated by an engine. Having a controlled flight was the Wright Brothers' plan from the start. Many previous experiments only dealt with conceptual thinking of the flight, and lifting the aircraft from the ground, the Wright Brothers took it a step further. Without this key purpose...

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