This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of American Art Education Essay

1637 words - 7 pages

Western culture had many important effects on the United States as a developing nation, and art education was no exception to this. In order to come to terms with the impact of Western culture on American art education, it is important to chronicle the progression of art education throughout Europe. Spanning centuries, the political, social, and economic development of European nations, each played an important role the philosophies of art education, which in the long run, affected American ideas concerning the subject.
Thoughts about art changed and evolved in many ways over time. Efland’s The History of Art Education: Intellectual and Social Currents in Teaching the Visual Arts offers a concise history of art education, chronicling its changes and evolutions. In chapters two and three, Efland begins with attitudes towards art in the Hellenistic time period and moves forward through the Roman Empire, Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Industrial Revolution. According to Efland, during the Hellenistic time period, owning artwork related to status, to a degree, yet the artist was not considered to be an esteemed profession. The primary role of Roman education was to prepare individuals to work for the state. As a result, visual art did not play a role in formal educational practice. Moving forward in time to the Middle Ages, life revolved around faith. While art did play a role in the lives of the people, it was in the form of craft guilds. The apprentice system became more prevalent during this time period as well. It was not until the Renaissance that craft and art became separate entities. Although fine art was stressed more in the educational setting, and students were taught formal skills during this time period, it also marked the Age of Reason. This is significant in the fact that scientific investigation became the priority, pushing visual art to the back burner once again. The role that art did play involved one that catered towards the state. Art was used as political propaganda in that it was thought that art should serve the state, and emphasize the power of the state.
These events indirectly shaped beliefs about art in the United States, as it was a new nation that was raised on strong European influences. Throughout the history of art education, there is a common thread of political relation. The attitudes concerning art related directly to the political and economic happenings at the time. This remained a constant with early American settlers as well. For example, Puritans’ lives revolved around faith and farming, therefore visual art played a role that was not necessary integral. The arts involved a broad term that included crafts that were taught at home. The main goal of education was to teach students to read so that they could read scriptures.
Art education today has veered quite a bit from this mentality. Art is still considered a specialized area, but even more so than in times prior to the...

Find Another Essay On History of American Art Education

The History of American Public Education

3069 words - 12 pages American system. This education, beginning with young children, focused on children’s ability to observe and imitate the actions of the adults. This allowed the child to learn by example in the same way a child learns to speak, while it also encourages adults to properly practice their duties within communities. Jefferson also had a plan for how the schools should run. The management of this school would be in the hands of the States. Jefferson

History of American Education, and No Child Left Behind

924 words - 4 pages the staple of American Education for over 150 years. The first children’s prayer “Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep” first appeared in this Primer. A very sad fact about early education is lacking some completion. Many families had to move so their children could go to school. New schools were named, and called the districts, and gave birth to the one-room or the wild- cats. …an absence of democratic will and consequent refusal to take our children

History of Special Education

1540 words - 6 pages out before graduating from high school.One of the first movements of special education in the United States started after World War ll, when several parents organized advocacy groups surfaced in the states. The American Association on Mental Deficiency was one of the first groups to form and held its first conference in 1947 to address the needs of Special Education in the U.S.Several landmark cases also had a huge influence on the history of

The History of Education

1225 words - 5 pages Being asked how to define education is essentially a trick question. Education does not have one set definition. It is a blend of theories, thoughts and concepts that have radically changed over time. We can look at different parts of education in attempt to define education, but in reality this will never come to be. The history of education can be looked at socially, economically and politically to gain different perspectives on what

History of Special Education

1216 words - 5 pages History of Special Education The recent history of special education began in 1975 when Congress passed the Education for all Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA). The law was renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education act (IDEA) in 1990. These laws made it mandatory for schools to meet the special needs of all students. Special education was around prior to 1975, but in most cases in a very different manner than it is today. Special

Body Art: The History of

2791 words - 11 pages For centuries body art such as tattoos and piercings have been practiced all over the world in almost every culture. Both practices have different meanings and multiple levels from religious rites to pure decoration. Often times throughout the history of western culture, these practices have been shunned and outcast as the marks of Satan. In the last few centuries however, these fallacies have subsided to the thoughts of mere loathing of any

The Plague of American Art

1674 words - 7 pages The Plague of American Art In 1965, the American art scene changed forever. When the National Endowment for the Arts came into being, there was high hopes for a more egalitarian art world that would spread wide-ranging ideas between the coasts, but, in the art world post-NEA founding, dark clouds were forming. The NEA is no longer a sustainable avenue of preserving and producing American art.. The arts have and will survive the test of time

The History of Korean Art

1549 words - 6 pages The History of Korean Art The arts of Korea, while largely influenced by Chinese, are characterized by simplicity, spontaneity and naturalism. A work of Korean art is not very meticulous in tiny details. It rather tends to embrace wholeness. This seemingly indifference lies in the flexible state of mind of early Korean artists who love nature as it is. Ko Yu-sop, a Korean art scholar, defines the characteristic aspects of Korean

History of Propaganda in Art

957 words - 4 pages Throughout history, the purpose of art is dedicated to anything from decorative embellishments to religious tributes. However, art was also used by rulers and other powerful figures for propagandistic reasons as well. This can be seen through a survey of art pieces ranging from the Hellenistic period to the Ottonian period. At the beginning of the Hellenistic period Alexander the Great had just passed away, leaving his vast empire fragmented

The Effects of Testing and Funding- A Deeper Look into the History of American Education

2903 words - 12 pages The Effects of Testing and Funding - A Deeper Look into the History of American EducationOctober 25th, 2011History and Philosophy of EducationAbstractIt has come to the attention of many schools in recent years that the effects of testing and funding in education have become a growing problem. While many would see testing and funding in schools as a positive thing, many schools have only been able to see these matters as negatives due to the

History of American Race

954 words - 4 pages Racism, and discrimination, remains very predominate in America today. There are many authors who addressed this subject matter but the three chosen to discuss are W.E.B. Du Bois, Richard Wright, and Gunnar Myrdal. Their interpretations of the subject matter in America are similar in some ways and vary in other ways. The first author, Du Bois, indicated how the facts of American history in the last half century have been falsified because

Similar Essays

Importance Of Art Education Essay

1426 words - 6 pages students develop self-esteem, self-discipline, cooperative skills and self-motivation, all of which are necessary to be successful in life. (Arts Education Partnership, 2006) A comprehensive elementary arts education program should consist of all 4 elements: dance, music, theatre and visual arts. DANCE Why? The first important element in arts education is dance. The art of dance has been around since the beginning of time. Before humans

The Importance Of Art Education Essay

2016 words - 8 pages education was welcomed into the American public school system (DeHoyas). During the early twentieth century, art education was seen as unproductive and more often not cost effective. However, in the 1950’s opinions about art education made a drastic change as Americans craved more self-expression. Art education began to flourish as the importance of art involvement became known (DeHoyas). Figure 1 represents the answers of 97 people when they were

The Importantce Of Art Education Essay

743 words - 3 pages seem to miss is that art is not in a competition with education. A teacher of a West California elementary school protested, "People are forgetting that math is taught when a child is playing an instrument. English is taught when a child is reading or writing a script. Critical thinking is taught when a child is analyzing art" (Holcomb 2). Most elementary school faculties feel that art is a huge part of child development, teaching them assets such

The Beauty Of Art, Music And Literature In Modern Education

1088 words - 4 pages The Beauty of Art, Music and Literature in Modern Education Art is the beauty of everyday life. Music is what makes us smile. Literature can keep us up all night. So why is it, that there are so much criticism of these three wonders, in education today? In today's society, literature is what is used regularly. In every subject, in science and in language, literature is used in varieties of writing, both in fiction and prose. We write in every